Federal and local governments have generated laws and authoritative regulations to enforce the management of conflicts of interest and encourage ethical business practices in medicine.
- Anti-Kickback Regulation (42 U.S.C. 1320a-7b)
- False Claims Act (31 U.S.C. 3729)
- Safe Harbor Regulations
- U.S. Department of Health & Human Services: Office of the Inspector General (OIG)
Offers physician education training materials about Federal fraud and abuse laws and avoiding Medicare and Medicaid fraud and abuse.
- A Roadmap for New Physicians: Avoiding Medicare and Medicaid Fraud and Abuse - a physician self study guide that covers pertinent laws on fraud and abuse and appropriate relationships with fellow providers, vendors, and payers.
Health Care Reform:
- H.R.3200 - America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009
Signed into law on March 23, 2010.
- Patient Physician Sunshine Act Provision (Requirements on financial relationships between manufacturers and distributors of covered drugs, devices, biologicals, or medical supplies under Medicare, Medicaid, or CHIP and physicians and other health care entities and between physicians and other health care entities, including disclosure). This component of the bill requires that starting in 2012, medical device and pharmaceutical companies will record physician payments over $10 and that all payments be publicly disclosed.