Harold K. Bush, Jr., Ph.D.
In October of 1994, Hal Bush received his Ph.D.
in English from Indiana University. Currently he is working on
several articles concerning hope, eschatology, and the ethical
and social dimensions of American ideology. He has begun work
on a new book project about the cultural work of parental grief
in the lives of key figures in 19th- and 20th-century America,
tentatively entitled Continuing Bonds.
M.S. Indiana University (1986)
M.A. Indiana University (1991)
Ph.D. Indiana University (1994)
TEACHING & RESEARCH INTERESTS
American Literature and American Studies, Historical Approaches
to Literature, Cultural Studies, Mark Twain, the Profession of
English, Christianity and Literature
Twain and the Spiritual Crisis of His Age (University of Alabama Press, January 2007)
This book focuses on Mark Twain¹s knowledge of and engagement
with nineteenth-century Christianity, the Social Gospel, and more
generally, as the title suggests, with the ³spiritual crises²
that peppered his major period as a writer. It includes extensive
treatment of Twain¹s deep friendship with his pastor in Hartford,
Joseph Twichell‹a topic of great concern (though generally
neglected) in any attempt to come to terms with Twain's views
of the Bible, religion, and the Christian life throughout his
major period. This book constitutes a major addition to recent
work on Mark Twain, particularly in its attempt to historicize
the religious milieu of the period, as reflected in Twain¹s
achievement and thought. It includes selections from Twichell¹s
personal papers, thus making available to scholars heretofore
unpublished documents. The upshot of the volume is a full reconsideration
of Twain¹s immersion in, and often sympathy with, the religious
cultures of his era.
Rebellion and Repentance in American Cultural History. (University
of Illinois Press, 1999)
Significant moments in American literary history, such as public
speeches that generate considerable reaction, are widely publicized
precisely because they strike a powerful resonance within the
American public sphere as manifestations of key cultural conflicts.
Moreover, such public performances have frequently drawn upon
such key mythic models as the Declaration of Independence and
the act of Christian repentance. American Declarations clarifies
how public debate has served to define, defend, and reshape the
regnant myths of America and considers how both major and minor
literary figures have participated in such debate. Figures studied
Nathaniel Hawthorne, David Walker, Frederick Douglass, Sojourner
Truth, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Abraham Lincoln, Ralph Waldo Emerson,
Mark Twain, Sinclair Lewis, and Robert Frost.
ARTICLES & REVIEW ESSAYS:
"Cradling Lives in Our Hands: Towards a Theory of Cultural Biography."
Christianity & Literature 57.1 (Fall 2007): 119-38.
"Grief Work: After a Child Dies." The Christian Century (Dec. 11, 2007):
"Mark Twain's Lincoln as 'Man of the Border': Religion, Freethinking, and
the Civil War." In There Before Us: Religion, Literature, and Culture from
Emerson to Wendell Berry, ed. Roger Lundin. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007.
"Writing's 'Privileged Gesture': An Interview with Richard Ford."
Co-authored with Fred Arroyo. Indiana Review 28.2 (Winter 2006): 89-106.
"Searching for Home." (Review essay on Richard Ford's trilogy). Southern Review 44 (Spring 2007): 461-66.
"Wendell Berry, Seeds of Hope, and the Survival of Creation."
special issue devoted to Berry. Christianity & Literature 56.2 (Winter 2007): 297-316.
"'Hunting for Reasons to Hope': A Conversation with Wendell
Berry." In a special issue devoted to Berry. Christianity & Literature 56.2 (Winter 2007): 214-234.
"'A Passion for the Impossible': Richard Rorty, John Okada,
and James Baldwin." In The Gift of Story: Narrating Hope
in the Postmodern World, eds. Emily Griesinger and Mark Eaton
(Waco: Baylor UP, 2006): 171-86.
"The 'Metaphysics of America' and the 2004 Presidential
Integrite 3.2 (Fall 2004): 65-71.
“Mark Twain’s American Adam: Humor as Hope and Apocalypse,”
Christianity & Literature, 53.3 (Spring 2004): 291-314.
“Ecclesiastes and Revelation: The Embodiment of Authentic
Hope in the Classroom,” Integrite 1.2 (Spring 2003): 5-16.
"Christ as Telos: 'The End' of the Christian University,”
The Heithaus Forum (Spring 2003). On-line at <www.slu.edu/academic/heithaus/index.shtml>.
“Harriet Beecher Stowe.” Commissioned essay for the
Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals. Ed. Timothy Larsen (Downers
Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 2003). 641-4.
Broken Idols: Mark Twains Elegies
for Susy and a Critique of Freudian Grief Theory, Nineteenth-Century
Literature 57.2 (Sept. 2002): 237-68.
Notes for Babbitt by Sinclair Lewis. Modern Library
edition, Winter 2002.
A Moralist in Disguise: Mark Twain and
American Religion, chapter for The Oxford Historical
Guide to Mark Twain, ed. Shelley Fisher
Fishkin (Oxford University Press, 2002). 55-94.
Personally Speaking: Mark Twain and the Autobiographical
Critic," in Mark Twain Among the Critics, ed.
by Richard Hill & James McWilliams (Whitson 2002).
Politics, in The Robert Frost Encyclopedia, ed.
by Nancy Lewis Tuten and John Zubizarreta (Greenwood Press,
Demythologizing Adam: Mark Twain and the Nature of Man,
in Critical Essays on the Myth of the American Adam, eds.
Viorica Patea &
Maria Eugenia Diaz (University of Salamanca Press, 2001): 147-62.
Emerson, John Brown, and Doing the Word: The
Enactment of Political Religion at Harpers Ferry, 1859,
in The Emerson Dilemma: Essays on
Emerson and Social Reform, ed. T. Gregory Garvey (Univ. of
Georgia Press, 2001): 197-217.
Hope, Eschatology, and Literary Studies: Prospects
for a New Millennium, Religion & Literature 33.2
(Summer 2001): 97-110
The Outrageous Idea of a Christian Literary Studies: Prospects
for the Future & A Meditation on Hope, Christianity
& Literature 51.1 (Autumn 2001): 79-103.
Our Mark Twain? or, Some Thoughts on the Autobiographical
Critic. The New England Quarterly 74.1
(March 2000): 101-22.
The Declaration of Independence and Uncle Toms
Cabin: A Rhetorical Criticism Approach,
in Approaches to Teaching Stowes Uncle Toms
Cabin, ed. by Elizabeth Ammons and Susan Belasco (MLA, 2000):
"'Absorbing' the Character: James Whitcomb Riley and Mark Twain's
Theory of Performance." American Literary Realism
31.3 (Spring l999): 31-47.
"Richard Henry Dana, Jr.," in the Dictionary of American Biography:
Travel Writers, 1800-1865 (Gale Research, 1998), pp. 78-89
"'Our Great Confused West': Further Attempts to Define Mark Twain."College
English (Spring 1998): 192-201
"Acting Like Mark Twain: Performance in Nineteenth-Century American
Culture," American Quarterly (June 1997): 404-13.
"Structural America: The Persistence of Oppositional Paradigms
in American Literary Theory." College Literature 23.2 (June
"The Mythic Struggle Between East and West: Mark Twain's Speech
at Whittier's 70th Birthday Celebration and W. D. Howells's A
Chance Acquaintance." American Literary Realism 27.2
(Winter l995): 53-73
"Robert Frost Writing the Myth of America: Rereading 'The Gift
Outright.'" The Robert Frost Review (1995): 45-55.
"Re-Inventing the Puritan Fathers: George Bancroft, Nathaniel
Hawthorne and the Birth of Endicott's Ghost." ATQ: American
Transcendental Quarterly 9.2 (June 1995): 131-52.
"Poststructuralism as Theory and Practice in the English Classroom."
ERIC Digest (1995).
"A Brief History of PC, With Annotated Bibliography." American
Studies International (Apr. 1995): 42-64.
"Reader Response Theory: Reading, Writing, and Literature Practices
in Classrooms." Reading Research and Instruction 33.4 (Summer
"'Beating Back the Monsters': George Orwell and the Morality
of Fictions." Christianity & Literature 42.2 (Winter
"Using Television Commercials To Help Students Discover Their
Audiences." Exercise Exchange 39.1 (Fall 1993): 9-13.
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