Answer-key for w2p-1d


courtesy of Vincent Smith


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LatinPraxis Index

  

  

NOTE: Certain conventions are used here to save time and space in written exercises.

1. It is merely a convention to use "by" or "by means of" to translate the ablative, e.g., puellâ = by means of the girl. But remember: to say that something was done by a person, as in "by the girl," a Latin speaker would use the preposition â or ab : â puellâ.

2. The convention (s) signifies "as a subject" and merely points to the nominative case which is sometimes used with words that are not technically the subject, e.g. a predicate nominative, like the word girl in "The winner is this girl."

3. The convention (o) signifies "as an object," and merely points to the accusative case that is usually used for direct objects. But of course indirect objects are a kind of object as well, and they are typically in the dative case. Also, some verbs take what in English are direct objects, but they stand in a different case in Latin, e.g., "ignosce mihi" (Pardon me), which uses a dative pronoun as the object of ignosce.

4. The word of indicates the genitive case; the words to/for indicate the dative.

  

exercitia

  


  

  

First Declension Practice

  

1

philosophiae

of the philosophy

to/for the philosophy

the philosophies (s)

2

îrâ

by means of the anger

  

  

3

pecûniârum

of the monies

  

  

4

sententiîs

to/for the opinions

by means of the opinions

  

5

porta

gate (s)

  

  

6

fâmîs

to/for the reputations

by means of the reputations

  

7

nautae

of the sailor

to/for the sailor

the sailors (s)

8

îram

anger (o)

  

  

9

rosa

rose (s)

  

  

10

rosârum

of the roses

  

  

11

vîtâs

the lives (o)

  

  

12

pecûniam

money (o)

  

  

13

fortûnâs

the chances (o)

  

  

14

philosophiam

philosophy (o)

  

  

15

nautâs

the sailors (o)

  

  

16

vîtîs

to/for the lives

by means of the lives

  

17

fortûna

chance (s)

  

  

18

puellâ

by means of the girl

  

  

19

portâs

the gates (o)

  

  

20

fâmâs

the reputations (o)

  

  

21

patriam

country (o)

  

  

22

puellârum

of the girls

  

  

23

philosophiîs

to/for the philosophies

by means of the philosophies

  

24

rosam

rose (o)

  

  

25

rosae

of the rose

to/for the rose

the roses (s)

26

puellam

girl (o)

  

  

27

patria

country (s)

  

  

28

îra

anger (s)

  

  

29

fâmam

reputation (o)

  

  

30

portâ

by means of the gate

  

  

31

puellâs

the girls (o)

  

  

32

sententiae

of the opinion

to/for the opinion

the opinions (s)

33

poenae

of the punishment

to/for the punishment

the punishments (s)

34

fôrmam

shape (o)

  

  

35

fâma

reputation (s)

  

  

36

philosophiâ

by means of the philosophy

  

  

37

sententiâs

the opinions (o)

  

  

38

poenam

penalty (o)

  

  

39

vîtae

of the life

to/for the life

the lives (s)

40

philosophiârum

of the philosophies

  

  

41

puellae

of the girl

to/for the girl

the girls (s)

42

pecûniae

of the money

to/for the money

the monies (s)

43

vîtam

life (o)

  

  

44

îrae

of the anger

to/for the anger

the rages (s)

45

fôrmârum

of the shapes

  

  

46

nautîs

to/for the sailors

by means of the sailors

  

47

puella

girl (s)

  

  

48

portam

gate (o)

  

  

49

pecûniîs

to/for the monies

by means of the monies

  

50

nautam

sailor (o)

  

  

51

pecûnia

money (s)

  

  

52

fortûnam

fortune (o)

  

  

53

fâmâ

by means of the reputation

  

  

54

pecûniâs

the monies (o)

  

  

55

rosîs

to/for the roses

by means of the roses

  

56

poenîs

to/for the punishments

by means of the punishments

  

57

fortûnîs

to/for the fortunes

by means of the fortunes

  

58

rosâ

by means of the rose

  

  

59

portae

of the gate

to/for the gate

the gates (s)

60

vîtâ

by means of the life

  

  

61

portîs

to/for the gates

by means of the gates

  

62

fâmârum

of the reputations

  

  

63

fôrma

shape (s)

  

  

64

poenâs

punishments (o)

  

  

65

fôrmâ

by means of the shape

  

  

66

fortûnâ

by means of the fortune

  

  

67

fâmae

of the reputation

to/for the reputation

the reputations (s)

68

fortûnârum

of the fortunes

  

  

69

sententiam

opinion (o)

  

  

70

îrârum

of the rages

  

  

71

îrîs

to/for the rages

by means of the rages

  

72

nauta

sailor (s)

  

  

73

nautârum

of the sailors

  

  

74

patriâ

by means of the country

  

  

75

patriâs

the countries (o)

  

  

76

pecûniâ

by means of the money

  

  

77

philosophia

philosophy (s)

  

  

78

poena

punishment (s)

  

  

79

patriârum

of the countries

  

  

80

fôrmîs

to/for the shapes

by means of the shapes

  

81

poenâ

by means of the punishment

  

  

82

patriîs

to/for the countries

by means of the countries

  

83

portârum

of the gates

  

  

84

puellîs

to/for the girls

by means of the girls

  

85

rosâs

the roses (o)

  

  

86

sententia

opinions (s)

  

  

87

fôrmae

of the shape

to/for the shape

the shapes (s)

88

sententiâ

by means of the opinion

  

  

89

sententiârum

of the opinions

  

  

90

vîta

life (s)

  

  

91

vîtârum

of the lives

  

  

92

poenârum

of the punishments

  

  

93

patriae

of the country

to/for the country

the countries (s)

94

fortûnae

of the fortune

to/for the fortune

the fortunes (s)

95

philosophiâs

the philosophies (o)

  

  

96

îrâs

the rages (o)

  

  

97

fôrmâs

the shapes (o)

  

  

98

nautâ

by means of the sailor

  

  

  

  

top

  

  

 

  

  

1

reputation (s)

fâma

2

lives (o)

vîtâs

3

of the punishment

poenae

4

by the money

pecûniâ

5

by the shapes

fôrmîs

6

opinions (s)

sententiae

7

gates (o)

portâs

8

to the country

patriae

9

by the fortune

fortûnâ

10

opinions (o)

sententiâs

11

by the country

patriâ

12

shape (s)

fôrma

13

punishments (o)

poenâs

14

farmers (o)

agricolâs

15

of the gate

portae

16

by the shape

fôrmâ

17

by the philosophy

philosophiâ

18

by the fortunes

fortûnîs

19

lives (s)

vîtae

20

to the money

pecûniae

21

girl (o)

puellam

22

to the angers

îrîs

23

roses (s)

rosae

24

to the sailor

nautae

25

money (o)

pecûniam

26

reputations (o)

fâmâs

27

to the farmer

agricolae

28

to the punishments

poenîs

29

fortune (s)

fortûna

30

of the reputation

fâmae

31

of the girl

puellae

32

by the punishment

poenâ

33

by the angers

îrîs

34

philosophies (o)

philosophiâs

35

by the reputation

fâmâ

36

farmers (s)

agricolae

37

girls (o)

puellâs

38

to the philosophy

philosophiae

39

by the anger

îrâ

40

girls (s)

puellae

41

to the anger

îrae

42

anger (s)

îra

43

fortunes (o)

fortûnâs

44

of the shape

fôrmae

45

of the rose

rosae

46

to the girls

puellîs

47

by the gate

portâ

48

by the sailors

nautîs

49

life (o)

vîtam

50

to the monies

pecûniîs

51

reputation (o)

fâmam

52

to the punishment

poenae

53

gates (s)

portae

54

to the fortune

fortûnae

55

sailor (s)

nauta

56

of the fortune

fortûnae

57

of the opinion

sententiae

58

by the girl

puellâ

59

by the countries

patriîs

60

rose (o)

rosam

61

to the sailors

nautîs

62

shape (o)

fôrmam

63

to the gate

portae

64

country (s)

patria

65

punishments (s)

poenae

66

of the anger

îrae

67

of the life

vîtae

68

to the shape

fôrmae

69

by the rose

rosâ

70

by the monies

pecûniîs

71

reputations (s)

fâmae

72

of the punishments

poenârum

73

opinion (o)

sententiam

74

to the countries

patriârum

75

fortune (o)

fortûnam

76

to the girl

puellae

77

money (s)

pecûnia

78

of the sailor

nautae

79

of the farmer

agricolae

80

by the opinion

sententiâ

81

by the philosophies

philosophiîs

82

farmer (s)

agricola

83

of the philosophies

philosophiârum

84

philosophies (s)

philosophiae

85

to the reputation

fâmae

86

shapes (s)

fôrma

87

of the gates

portârum

88

philosophy (s)

philosophia

89

anger (o)

îram

90

of the country

patriae

91

of the reputations

fâmârum

92

to the rose

rosae

93

by the life

vîtâ

94

by the punishments

poenîs

95

life (s)

vîta

96

shapes (o)

fôrmam

97

of the monies

pecûniârum

98

to the gates

portîs

99

by the farmers

agricolîs

100

monies (s)

pecûniae

101

gate (o)

portam

102

of the farmers

agricolârum

103

to the fortunes

fortûnîs

104

fortunes (s)

fortûnae

105

of the girls

puellârum

106

roses (o)

rosâs

107

by the sailor

nautâ

108

punishment (s)

poena

109

of the money

pecûniae

110

of the shapes

fôrmârum

111

by the farmer

agricola

112

by the gates

portîs

113

opinion (s)

sententia

114

angers (o)

îrâs

115

of the countries

patriârum

116

to the roses

rosîs

117

by the lives

vîtîs

118

sailor (o)

nautam

119

to the opinion

sententiae

120

punishment (o)

poenam

121

to the shapes

fôrmîs

122

countries (s)

patriae

123

of the lives

vîtârum

124

angers (s)

îrae

125

of the roses

rosârum

126

gate (s)

porta

127

of the philosophy

philosophiae

128

of the fortunes

fortûnârum

129

by the reputations

fâmîs

130

by the girls

puellîs

131

rose (s)

rosa

132

of the sailors

nautârum

133

by the opinions

sententiîs

134

country (o)

patriam

135

to the life

vîtae

136

philosophy (o)

philosophiam

137

to the reputations

fâmîs

138

farmer (o)

agricolam

139

to the philosophies

philosophiîs

140

sailors (s)

nautae

141

of the opinions

sententiârum

142

girl (s)

puella

143

of the angers

îrârum

144

by the roses

rosîs

145

countries (o)

patriâs

146

to the lives

vîtîs

147

sailors (o)

nautâs

148

to the opinions

sententiîs

149

monies (o)

pecûniâs

150

to the farmers

agricolîs

  

  

top

  

  

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