Latin Verbs: Master the Passive Forms in the Primary Tenses

Primary Tenses, Indicative Mood, All Conjugations (Cf. Wheelock 18, 21)

To Latin Teaching Materials Home

LatinPraxis Index

  

General rule: Form the passive voice of the primary tenses (present, imperfect, future) in just two steps:

  STEP 1: Think of the primary tense in its active form (e.g., amâT, amâMUS, amâbÔ).

  STEP 2: Add -R to the first person singular forms in -Ô, and for the other active personal endings substitute the passive personal endings (e.g., amâTUR, amaMUR, amâboR).

  


See these rules exemplified in all conjugations:  Present   Imperfect   Future

  

Explain the passive personal endings.  /  See the perfect tenses in active and passive voices.

  


  

PRESENT INDICATIVE

  

Active Voice

Passive Voice

  


Active Personal Endings
>>>


-m/-o, -s, -t,
-mus, -tis, -nt


-r, -ris, -tur,
-mur, -minî, -ntur


Passive Personal Endings
<<<


  
I love
you love
he / she / it loves
we love
you (pl.) love
they love


  
amô
amâs
amat
amâmus
amâtis
amant


  
amor
amâris*
amâtur
amâmur
amâminî
amantur


  
I am loved
you are loved
he / she / it is loved
we are loved
you (pl.) are loved
they are loved


  
I remind
you remind
he / she / it reminds
we remind
you (pl.) remind
they remind


  
moneô
monês
monet
monêmus
monêtis
monent


  
moneor
monêris*
monêtur
monêmur
monêminî
monentur


  
I am reminded
you are reminded
he / she / it is reminded
we are reminded
you (pl.) are reminded
they are reminded


  
I lead
you lead
he / she / it leads
we lead
you (pl.) lead
they lead


  
dûcô
dûcis
dûcit
dûcimus
dûcitis
dûcunt


  
dûcor
dûceris*
dûcitur
dûcimur
dûciminî
dûcuntur


  
I am led
you are led
he / she / it is led
we are led
you (pl.) are led
they are led


  
I take
you take
he / she / it takes
we take
you (pl.) take
they take


  
capiô
capis
capit
capimus
capitis
capiunt


  
capior
caperis*
capitur
capimur
capiminî
capiuntur


  
I am taken
you are taken
he / she / it is taken
we are taken
you (pl.) are taken
they are taken


  
I hear
you hear
he / she / it hears
we hear
you (pl.) hear
they hear


  
audiô
audîs
audit
audîmus
audîtis
audiunt


  
audior
audîris*
audîtur
audîmur
audîminî
audiuntur


  
I am heard
you are heard
he / she / it is heard
we are heard
you (pl.) are heard
they are heard

  

Present   Imperfect   Future

  


  

top

  

* Note:

1. An alternate form for -ris is -re:

amâre (you are being loved), monêre (you are being warned), etc.

2. An -i- followed by -ris or -re changes to -e:

dûceris /-re = you are being led

amâberis /-re = you will be loved.

3. The long -ê- usually indicates the future in Conjugations 3, 3-io, and 4. Notice especially these forms:

-ceris (you are being led)    /    dû--ris (you will be led)
ca-peris (you are being taken)   /   capi-ê-ris (you will be taken)
au--ris (you are being heard)   /   audi-ê-ris (you will be heard)

  


  

Present   Imperfect   Future

  

top

  

  

IMPERFECT INDICATIVE

  

Active Voice

Passive Voice

  


Active Personal Endings
>>>


-m/-o, -s, -t,
-mus, -tis, -nt


-r, -ris, -tur,
-mur, -minî, -ntur


Passive Personal Endings
<<<


  
I used to love
you used to love
he / she / it used to love
we used to love
you (pl.) used to love
they used to love


  
amâbam
amâbâs
amâbat
amâbâmus
amâbâtis
amâbant


  
amâbar
amâbâris*
amâbâtur
amâbâmur
amâbâminî
amâbantur


  
I used to be loved
you used to be loved
he / she / it used to be loved
we used to be loved
you (pl.) used to be loved
they used to be loved


  
I used to remind
you used to remind
he / she / it used to remind
we used to remind
you (pl.) used to remind
they used to remind


  
monêbam
monêbâs
monêbat
monêbâmus
monêbâtis
monêbant


  
monêbar
monêbâris*
monêbâtur
monêbâmur
monêbâminî
monêbantur


  
I used to be reminded
you used to be reminded
he / she / it used to be reminded
we used to be reminded
you (pl.) used to be reminded
they used to be reminded


  
I used to lead
you used to lead
he / she / it used to lead
we used to lead
you (pl.) used to lead
they used to lead


  
dûcêbam
dûcêbâs
dûcêbat
dûcêbâmus
dûcêbâtis
dûcêbant


  
dûcêbar
dûcêbâris*
dûcêbâtur
dûcêbâmur
dûcêbâminî
dûcêbantur


  
I used to be led
you used to be led
he / she / it used to be led
we used to be led
you (pl.) used to be led
they used to be led


  
I used to take
you used to take
he / she / it used to take
we used to take
you (pl.) used to take
they used to take


  
capiêbam
capiêbâs
capiêbat
capiêbâmus
capiêbâtis
capiêbant


  
capiêbar
capiêbâris*
capiêbâtur
capiêbâmur
capiêbâminî
capiêbantur


  
I used to be taken
you used to be taken
he / she / it used to be taken
we used to be taken
you (pl.) used to be taken
they used to be taken


  
I used to hear
you used to hear
he / she / it used to hear
we used to hear
you (pl.) used to hear
they used to hear


  
audiêbam
audiêbâs
audiêbat
audiêbâmus
audiêbâtis
audiêbant


  
audiêbar
audiêbâris*
audiêbâtur
audiêbâmur
audiêbâminî
audiêbantur


  
I used to be heard
you used to be heard
he / she / it used to be heard
we used to be heard
you (pl.) used to be heard
they used to be heard

  

Present   Imperfect   Future

  


  

top

  

FUTURE INDICATIVE

  

Active Voice

Passive Voice

  


Active Personal Endings
>>>


-m/-o, -s, -t,
-mus, -tis, -nt


-r, -ris, -tur,
-mur, -minî, -ntur


Passive Personal Endings
<<<


  
I will love
you will love
he / she / it will love
we will love
you (pl.) will love
they will love


  
amâbô
amâbis
amâbit
amâbimus
amâbitis
amâbunt


  
amâbor
amâberis*
amâbitur
amâbimur
amâbiminî
amâbuntur


  
I will be loved
you will be loved
he / she / it will be loved
we will be loved
you (pl.) will be loved
they will be loved


  
I will remind
you will remind
he / she / it will remind
we will remind
you (pl.) will remind
they will remind


  
monêbô
monêbis
monêbit
monêbimus
monêbitis
monêbunt


  
monêbor
monêberis*
monêbitur
monêbimur
monêbiminî
monêbuntur


  
I will be reminded
you will be reminded
he / she / it will be reminded
we will be reminded
you (pl.) will be reminded
they will be reminded


  
I will lead
you will lead
he / she / it will lead
we will lead
you (pl.) will lead
they will lead


  
dûcam
dûcês
dûcet
dûcêmus
dûcêtis
dûcent


  
dûcar
dûcêris*
dûcêtur
dûcêmur
dûcêminî
dûcentur


  
I will be led
you will be led
he / she / it will be led
we will be led
you (pl.) will be led
they will be led


  
I will take
you will take
he / she / it will take
we will take
you (pl.) will take
they will take


  
capiam
capiês
capiet
capiêmus
capiêtis
capient


  
capiar
capiêris*
capiêtur
capiêmur
capiêminî
capientur


  
I will be taken
you will be taken
he / she / it will be taken
we will be taken
you (pl.) will be taken
they will be taken


  
I will hear
you will hear
he / she / it will hear
we will hear
you (pl.) will hear
they will hear


  
audiam
audiês
audiet
audiêmus
audiêtis
audient


  
audiar
audiêris*
audiêtur
audiêmur
audiêminî
audientur


  
I will be heard
you will be heard
he / she / it will be heard
we will be heard
you (pl.) will be heard
they will be heard

  

Present   Imperfect   Future

  

See the perfect tenses.

  


  

top

  

  

navigation bar latin teaching materials classics programs current course offerings faculty Latin, Greek, and Classical Humanities at SLU

  

  

  

Latin Teaching Materials at Saint Louis University: © Claude Pavur 1997 - 2009.  This material is being made freely available for non-commercial educational use.

  

  

  

pagekeeper