Learning the Fifth Declension

(Cf. Wheelock 22)

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This chart presents the distinct forms possible for the fifth declension. It is very helpful to know which forms are unambiguously a particular case, and which must be decided by context.  For fifth declension nouns, one form is triply ambiguous (-ês), and two forms are doubly ambiguous (-eî, -êbus):



Full Meaning



(1) thing (s)
(2) things (s)
(3) things (o)

note plural
note plural


of the thing
to / for the thing



thing (o)


by means of [or by] the thing



of the things

note plural


(1) to / for the things
(2) by means of [or by] the things

note plural
note plural


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Practice arriving at the Latin equivalents of the following until you can do so instantaneously and effortlessly. Conventions: (s) = "as subject", or "in the nominative case"  (o) = "as the typical form used for the direct object", or "in the accusative case"



1 ancient faiths (s)

2 by a powerful faith

3 to/for neither hope

4 to/for a swift day

5 new hopes (s)

6 to/for swift days

7 that blind hope (s)

8 of our republic

9 pleasant day (s)

10 that faith of yours (o)

11 of neither hope

12 to/for powerful faiths

13 by no trivial matters

14 to/for those blind hopes

15 sweet hopes (s)

16 by swift days

17 to/for one true thing

18 swift days (s)

19 to/for this day

20 sweet hope (s)

21 by neither hope

22 by this day

23 to/for famous matters

24 our republics (s)

25 by new hope

26 by one true thing

27 swift day (o)

28 of no trivial matters

29 pleasant days (s)

30 of that faith of yours

31 all serious matters (o)

32 of greedy republics

33 to/for an immortal faith

34 to/for an ancient faith

35 these true things (s)

36 no trivial matters (s)

37 by all serious matters

38 to/for greedy republics

39 famous matter (s)

40 our republics (o)

41 of immortal faiths

42 by the entire republic

43 of a swift day

44 by ancient faiths

45 to/for new hope

46 this day (s)

47 greedy republics (o)

48 powerful faith (o)

49 of every serious matter

50 by those hopes

51 by an ancient faith

52 to/for these true things

53 those blind hopes (s)

54 no trivial matter (o)

55 of this brave republic

56 of no trivial matter

57 by these brave republics

58 our republic (s)

59 the entire republic (s)

60 to/for the entire republic

61 these true things (o)

62 to/for ancient faiths

63 new hope (s)

64 to/for new hopes

65 to/for sweet hopes

66 one true thing (s)

67 to/for our republic

68 to/for that faith of yours

69 famous matter (o)

70 to/for a powerful faith

71 swift day (s)

72 by these days

73 sweet hopes (o)

74 of swift days

75 to/for these brave republics

76 that blind hope (o)

77 that faith of yours (s)

78 swift days (o)

79 powerful faith (s)

80 neither hope (o)

81 our republic (o)

82 immortal faith (o)

83 one true thing (o)

84 new hopes (o)

85 immortal faith (s)

86 of our republics

87 of ancient faiths

88 by powerful faiths

89 by famous matters

90 to/for all serious matters

91 famous matters (s)

92 powerful faiths (s)

93 pleasant days (o)

94 to/for a famous matter

95 to/for every serious matter

96 of famous matters

97 by that faith of yours

98 neither hope (s)

99 of sweet hopes

100 of powerful faiths

101 to/for those hopes

102 to/for our republics

103 greedy republics (s)

104 of all serious matters

105 no trivial matter (s)

106 this day (o)

107 to/for no trivial matter

108 by a swift day

109 new hope (o)

110 by these true things

111 ancient faith (s)

112 of that blind hope

113 those hopes (s)

114 to/for immortal faiths

115 these brave republics (s)

116 by new hopes

117 immortal faiths (o)

118 all serious matters (s)

119 of new hope

120 this brave republic (s)

121 these days (s)

122 of those hopes

123 by this brave republic

124 of an immortal faith

125 of an ancient faith

126 those hopes (o)

127 by that blind hope

128 of a powerful faith

129 by sweet hopes

130 of sweet hope

131 to/for that blind hope

132 immortal faiths (s)

133 to/for no trivial matters

134 of these true things

135 those blind hopes (o)

136 by our republic

137 to/for these days

138 to/for this brave republic

139 pleasant day (o)

140 by no trivial matter

141 to/for pleasant days

142 by every serious matter

143 ancient faith (o)

144 of one true thing

145 these days (o)

146 by greedy republics

147 of these brave republics

148 to/for a pleasant day

149 the entire republic (o)

150 ancient faiths (o)

151 by those blind hopes

152 by a pleasant day

153 every serious matter (s)

154 of these days

155 by a famous matter

156 by our republics

157 of those blind hopes

158 these brave republics (o)

159 no trivial matters (o)

160 of new hopes

161 powerful faiths (o)

162 famous matters (o)

163 of a famous matter

164 by an immortal faith

165 of this day

166 by pleasant days

167 of the entire republic

168 by immortal faiths

169 by sweet hope

170 to/for sweet hope

171 every serious matter (o)

172 this brave republic (o)

173 of pleasant days

174 sweet hope (o)

175 of a pleasant day


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