Form the Future-Tense (Active): Conjugations 1 and 2

(Cf. Wheelock 5)

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Form the future indicative active for first and second conjugations in just two steps.


STEP 1: Get the present stem of the verb by removing the final -RE of the infinitive (the second principal part).



Principal Parts:



amô, amâre, amâvî, amâtum



moneô, monêre, monuî, monitum



STEP 2: Add -bô, -bis, -bit, -bimus, -bitis, -bunt.



amâbô, amâbis, amâbit, amâbimus, amâbitis, amâbunt


monêbô, monêbis, monêbit, monêbimus, monêbitis, monêbunt


Compare third, third-io, and fourth conjugation futures.





The six personal endings retain their meanings:


amâbô = I will love

amâbimus = we will love

amâbis = you will love

amâbitis = you (pl) will love

amâbit = he / she / it will love

amâbunt = they will love



You will be able to derive the following future forms:

vocâbô, vocâbis, vocâbit, vocâbimus, vocâbitis, vocâbunt

conservâbô, conservâbis, conservâbit, conservâbimus, conservâbitis, conservâbunt

laudâbô, laudâbis, laudâbit, laudâbimus, laudâbitis, laudâbunt

errâbô, errâbis, errâbit, errâbimus, errâbitis, errâbunt

dabô, dabis, dabit, dabimus, dabitis, dabunt

côgitâbô, côgitâbis, côgitâbit, côgitâbimus, côgitâbitis, côgitâbunt

terrêbô, terrêbis, terrêbit, terrêbimus, terrêbitis, terrêbunt

valêbô, valêbis, valêbit, valêbimus, valêbitis, valêbunt

vidêbô, vidêbis, vidêbit, vidêbimus, vidêbitis, vidêbunt

habêbô, habêbis, habêbit, habêbimus, habêbitis, habêbunt


Compare third, third-io, and fourth conjugation futures.




The clue for the future tense of the first and second conjugations is:

-B- / -BI- / -BU-

immediately preceding the personal ending.






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Latin Teaching Materials at Saint Louis University: © Claude Pavur 1997 - 2009.  This material is being made freely available for non-commercial educational use.