Saint Louis University


Professor Emeritus
Education: Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1961; M.A., Saint Louis University, 1957; B.S., Saint Louis University, 1954.

Scholarly Publications


  • Pius XII and the Holocaust: Understanding the Controversy (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press, 2001).
  • The Spanish Civil War as a Religious Tragedy (South Bend, In.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1987).
  • Anticlericalism: A Brief History (South Bend, In.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1972).
  • Reform and Reaction: the Politico-Religious Background of the Spanish Civil War (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1964).

Journal Articles

  • "Papst Pius XII. under der Holocaust. Uberlegungen zu einer Kontroverse," Historiches Jahrbuch 122 (2002): 521-29.
  • "The Search for the Historical Pius: Understanding the Controversy," America (2002): 8-11.

Edited Volumes

  • Great Events from History: Modern European Series, 3 vols. (Salem Press, 1973). (Co-editor).