B. A. , French, magna cum laude, Truman State University, 2000
Year Matriculated into Graduate Program:
Medieval European History
Crusades; chivalry; Hundred Years’ War; late medieval religious history; material culture
Dissertation and Advisor
Dissertation: “Crusade and Chivalry in the Fourteenth Century: Philippe de Mézières and the Order of the Passion”
Abstract: Philippe de Mézières (~1327-1405) had a long and outstanding career as a knight, crusader, administrator, royal counselor, and diplomat. He had a lifelong preoccupation with the crusading cause, and in his later life, he worked tirelessly to promote a new crusade, urging the kings of France and England to make peace so that they could jointly lead a great expedition to reconquer Jerusalem. Philippe wrote extensively on the subject of the crusade – how an expedition ought to be organized, the form it ought to take, and the frame of mind in which it should be undertaken, for example. One theme to which he kept returning was a proposal for a crusading association of knights, the Order of the Passion, whose shining example would bring about a general reform of knighthood and unite the chivalry of Christendom in a march upon the Holy Land. He wrote several different versions of this proposal, and a list of names exists which is presumed to reflect those who had signed on to support the order or to personally join.
Philippe’s influence within the fourteenth-century crusading movement is generally acknowledged, but still not adequately understood. The Order of the Passion, in particular, demands further study. Some of Philippe’s most important writings on the Order have never been adequately examined. My study will seek to address the following questions: What was the Order’s intended role within the crusading movement? Have we adequately understood its relation to Philippe’s broader plans for a crusade? How did his ideas evolve over time?
Advisor: Thomas F. Madden