Professional Socialization; Interprofessional Education (IPE); Service-Learning; Mental Health and Wellness Issues; Substance Abuse; Time Use; Leisure
Current Research Project
Study Design: Qualitative Research
Objective: This qualitative research study aimed to achieve an understanding of Masters of Occupational Therapy (MOT) students' perspective on their learning experiences in an Interprofessional Education (IPE) practicum course during which they engaged in teamwork with other disciplines to complete a community-based service-learning project related to health care.
Background: Research indicates collaborative and interdisciplinary patient care optimizes health outcomes for clients (World Health Organization, 2010). Educators must develop programs which will guide students to become "collaborative practice-ready" health care professionals, such that they will have learned how to work effectively within an Interprofessional team. This may be best achieved through IPE programming which affords students the opportunity to work with students from at least two other professions in order to learn about, from, and with other disciplines. As part of their IPE community-based practicum course, SLU Master of Occupational Therapy (MOT) students submit reflective papers about their experiences via an on-line format. HSIRB approval was secured to allow access to the existing data of the final reflective papers from MOT students enrolled in the IPE course during 2011. All papers were de-identified by a research assistant and provided to my team (which included two current MOT students). Over the course of several months each analyst independently read the transcripts and wrote notations to capture an interpretation of the data. Each iteration aimed to condense and coalesce the analysis. The researchers then met for several intensive meetings to discuss their independent findings and collectively define the themes which arose from the data.
Outcomes: Six key themes arose from the study: effective communication makes a team work; necessity of collaborative effort; increased knowledge of the unique perspective and values of other disciplines; the power of a holistic team; client-centered care is essential; and, personal transformation grows from uncomfortable situations.
Maloney, S.M. & , Griffith, K. (2013). Occupational Therapy Students' Development of Therapeutic Communication Skills During a Service-Learning Experience. Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, 29, 10-16. View Publication
Maloney, S. Margaret (2011). College Student High-Risk Drinking as a Maladaptive Serious Leisure Hobby, Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, 27, 155-177 View Publication