Free Speech Cases


Floyd Abrams, The Pentagon Papers After Four Decades, 1 Wake Forest Journal of Law & Policy (2011).

Dean Alfange Jr., Free Speech and Symbolic Conduct: The Draft-Card Burning Case, The Supreme Court Review (1968).

Hadley Arkes, Civility and the Restriction of Speech: Rediscovering the Defamation of Groups, The Supreme Court Review (1974).

Clinton R. Ashford, Constitutional Law: Freedom of Speech: Permissible Extent of Limitation, 48 Michigan Law Review (1950).

Carl A. Auerbach, The Communist Control Act of 1954: A Proposed Legal-Political Theory of Free Speech, 23 The University of Chicago Law Review (1956).

Jerold S. Auerbach, The Patrician as Libertarian: Zechariah Chafee, Jr. and Freedom of Speech, 42 The New England Quarterly (1969).


C. Edwin Baker, Human Liberty and Freedom of Speech, (1989).

Eric Barendt, Freedom of Speech, (1985).

Carl L. Becker, Max Lerner, James L. Fly, Robert E. Cushman, Francis Biddle, and Edmund E. Day, Safeguarding Civil Liberty Today (1945).

Sherrie L. Bennett, The Broadening of the Pentagon Papers Standard: An Impermissible Misapplication of the National Security Exception to the Prior Restraint Principle, 4 University of Puget Sound Law Review (1980).

Forrest Revere Black, Debs v. the United States: A Judicial Milepost on the Road to Absolutism, 81 University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register (1932).

Vincent Blasi, Holmes and the Marketplace of Ideas, The Supreme Court Review (2004).

Vincent Blasi, The Pathological Perspective and the First Amendment, 85 Columbia Law Review (1985).

Louis B. Boudin, 'Seditious Doctrines' and the 'Clear and Present Danger' Rule: Part I, 38 Virginia Law Review (1952).

James E. Boasberg, Seditious Libel versus Incitement to Mutiny: Britain Teaches Hand and Holmes a Lesson, 10 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (1990).

Lee C. Bollinger, Free Speech and Intellectual Values, 52 Yale Law Journal (1942).

Lee C. Bollinger, 'The Tolerant Society': A Response to Critics, 90 Columbia Law Review (1990).

Lee C. Bollinger, The Tolerant Society: Free Speech and Extremist Speech in America, (1986).

Walter J. Brennan Jr., The Supreme Court and the Meikeljohn Interpretation of the First Amendment, 79 Harvard Law Review (1965).

Laura W. Brill, The First Amendment and the Power of Suggestion: Protecting 'Negligent' Speakers in Cases of Imitative Harm, 94 Columbia Law Review (1994).

Susan J. Brison, The Autonomy Defense of Free Speech, 108 Ethics (1998).

J. Peter Byrne, Academic Freedom: A 'Special Concern of the First Amendment', 99 The Yale Law Journal (1989).


Leon Carnovsky, Clear and Present Danger, 47 ALA Bulletin (1953).

Ronald A. Cass, First Amendment Access to Government Facilities, 65 Virginia Law Review (1975).

Brian C. Castello, The Voice of Government as an Abridgement of First Amendment Rights of Speakers: Rethinking Meese v. Keene, Duke Law Journal (1989).

Zechariah Chafee Jr., A Contemporary State Trial: The United States versus Jacob Abrams et al., 33 Harvard Law Review (1920).

Zechariah Chafee Jr., Freedom of Speech, (1920).

R. H. Coase, Advertising and Free Speech, 6 The Journal of Legal Studies (1977).

Jeremy Cohen, Congress Shall Make No Law: Oliver Wendell Holmes, the First Amendment, and Judicial Decision Making, (1989).

Joshua Cohen, Freedom of Expression, 22 Philosophy and Public Affairs (1993).

David Cole, Agon at Agora: Creative Misreadings in the First Amendment Tradition, 95 The Yale Law Journal (1986).

David Cole, First Amendment Antitrust: The End of Laissez-Faire in Campaign Finance, 9 Yale Law & Policy Review (1991).

Ronald K. L. Collins and David M. Skover, The Trials of Lenny Bruce: The Fall and Rise of an American Icon, (2002).

Phillip J. Cooper, The Supreme Court, the First Amendment, and Freedom of Information, 46 Public Administration Review (1986).

Edward S. Corwin, Freedom of Speech and Press Under the First Amendment: A Resume, 30 Yale Law Review (1920).

John M. Craig, Redbaiting, Pacifism, and Free Speech: Lucia Ames Mead and Her 1926 Lecture Tour in Atlanta and the Southeast, 71 The Georgia Historical Quarterly (1987).


Richard Delgado and David H. Yun, Essay II, Pressure Valves and Bloodied Chickens: An Analysis of Paternalistic Objections to Hate Speech Regulation, 82 California Law Review (1994).

C. Thomas Dienes and Annemargaret Connolly, When Students Speak: Judicial Review in the Academic Marketplace, 7 Yale Law & Policy Review (1989).

D. K., The Espionage Act and the Limits of Legal Toleration, 33 Harvard Law Review (1920).

William J. Donavan and Mary Gardiner Jones, Program for a Democratic Counterattack to Communist Penetration of Government Service, 58 The Yale Law Journal (1949).

Florence W. Dore, Free Speech and Exposure: Obscenity, the Phallus, and William Faulkner's 'Sanctuary', 9 Narrative (2001).


Thomas I. Emerson, Colonial Intentions and Current Realities of the First Amendment, 125 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1977).

Thomas I. Emerson, Freedom of Expression in Wartime, 116 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1968).

Richard A. Epstein, Property, Speech, and the Politics of Distrust, 59 The University of Chicago Law Review (1992).


James F. Fagan Jr., Abrams v. United States: Remembering the Authors of Both Opinions, 8 Tauro Law Review (1992).

Richard A. Falk, The Nuremburg Defense in the Pentagon Papers Case, 13 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law (1974).

Daniel A. Farber and John E. Nowak, The Misleading Nature of Public Forum Analysis: Content and Context in First Amendment Analysis, 70 Virginia Law Review (1984).

Jeffrey E. Faucette, The Freedom of Speech at Risk in Cyberspace: Obscenity Doctrine and a Frightened University's Censorship of Sex on the Internet, 44 Duke Law Journal (1995).

David Fellman, The Supreme Court as Protector of Civil Rights: Freedom of Expression, 275 Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (1951).

James R. Ferguson, Scientific Freedom, National Security, and the First Amendment, 221 Science (1983).

William B. Fisch, Hate Speech and the Constitutional Law of the United States, 50 The American Journal of Comparative Law (2002).

Stanley Fish, Boutique Multiculturalism, or Why Liberals are Unable to Think About Hate Speech, 23 Critical Inquiry (1997).

Linda Friedlieb, The Epitome of an Insult: A Constitutional Approach to Designated Fighting Words, 72 The University of Chicago Law Review (2005).


James A. Gardner, Protecting the Rationality of Electoral Outcomes: A Challenge to First Amendment Doctrine, 51 The University of Chicago Law Review (1984).

W. Anthony Gengarelly, The Abrams Case: Social Aspects of a Judicial Controversy--Part I, 25 Boston Bar Journal (1981).

W. Anthony Gengarelly, The Abrams Case: Social Aspects of a Judicial Controversy--Part II, 25 Boston Bar Journal (1981).

William R. Glendon, The Pentagon Papers--Victory for a Free Press, 19 Cardozo Law Review (1998).

Stanley Godofsky and Howard M. Rogatnick, Prior Restraints: The Pentagon Papers Revisited, 18 Cumberland Law Review (1988).

Herbert F. Goodrich, Does the Constitution Protect Free Speech?, 19 Michigan Law Review (1921).

Joel M. Gora, The Pentagon Papers Case and the Path Not Taken: A Personal Memoir on the First Amendment and the Separation of Powers, 19 Cardozo Law Review (1998).

John A. Gorfinkel and Julian W. Mack II, Dennis v. United States and the Clear and Present Danger Rule, 39 California Law Review (1951).

Mark A. Graber, Transforming Free Speech: The Ambiguous Legacy of Civil Libertarianism, (1991).

Kent Greenawalt, Free Speech Justifications, 89 Columbia Law Review (1989).

K. Greenawalt, Speech, Crime, and the Uses of Language, (1989).

Gerald Gunther, Learned Hand and the Origins of Modern First Amendment Doctrine: Some Fragments of History, 27 Stanford Law Review (1975).


James Parker Hall, Free Speech in Wartime, 21 Columbia Law Review (1921).

Paul Harris, Black Power Advocacy: Criminal Anarchy or Free Speech, 56 California Law Review (1968).

Fred B. Hart, Power of Government Over Speech and Press, 29 The Yale Law Journal (1920).

Tom Hentoff, Speech, Harm, and Self-Government: Understanding the Ambit of the Clear and Present Danger Test, 91 Columbia Law Review (1991).

Barbara Hoffman, The Thought Police are Out There: Reflections on First Amendment Protection of Offensive or Indecent Artistic Expression, 50 Art Journal (1991).

Sidney Hook, Heresy, Yes -- Conspiracy, No, (1953).

Darrin Alan Hostetler, Face-to-Face with the First Amendment: Schenck v. Pro-Choice Network and the Right to 'Approach and Offer' in Abortion Clinic Protests, 52 Stanford Law Review (2000).

Douglas N. Husak, What is so Special about [Free] Speech?, 4 Law and Philosophy (1985).


Stanley Ingber, The Marketplace of Ideas: A Legitimizing Myth, Duke Law Journal (1984).

Peter H. Irons, 'Fighting Fair': Zechariah Chafee, Jr., the Department of Justice, and the 'Trial at the Harvard Club', 94 Harvard Law Review (1981).


David Jenkins, The Sedition Act of 1798 and the Incorporation of Seditious Libel into First Amendment Jurisprudence, 45 The American Journal of Legal History (2001).

J. S., The Legal Limits of Personal Liberty in Time of War, 90 University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register (1942).

Peter D. Junger, Down Memory Lane: The Case of the Pentagon Papers, 23 Case Western Reserve Law Review (1971).


Harry Kalven Jr., The Metaphysics of the Law of Obscenity, The Supreme Court Review (1960).

Harry Kalven Jr., The New York Times Case: A Note on 'The Central Meaning of the First Amendment', The Supreme Court Review (1964).

Harry Kalven Jr. and Jamie Kalven, A Worthy Tradition: Freedom of Speech in America, (1988).

Robert Kurman Kelner, United States v. Jake Baker: Revisiting Threats and the First Amendment, 84 Virginia Law Review (1998).

Sydney Kentridge, Freedom of Speech: Is it the Primary Right?, 45 The International and Comparative Law Quarterly (1996).

Mark Kessler, Legal Discourse and Political Intolerance: The Ideology of Clear and Present Danger, 27 Law and Society Review (1993).

Neil Kinkopf, Deliberative Democracy and Campaign Finance Reform, 65 Law and Contemporary Problems (2002).

Harry Klaven Jr., 'Uninhibited, Robust, and Wide-Open': A Note on Free Speech and the Warren Court, 67 Michigan Law Review (1968).

Harry Klaven Jr., Ernst Freund, and Douglas H. Ginsburg, Ernst Freund and the First Amendment Tradition, 40 The University of Chicago Law Review (1973).

Alex Kozinski and Stuart Banner, Who's Afraid of Commercial Speech?, 76 Virginia Law Review (1990).


Karen S. Lavine, Free Speech Rights of Homosexual Teachers, 80 Columbia Law Review (1980).

Sheldon L. Leader, Free Speech and the Advocacy of Illegal Action in Law and Political Theory, 82 Columbia Law Review (1982).

Orville Lee, Legal Weapons for the Weak? Democratizing the Force of Words in an Uncivil Society, 26 Law & Social Inquiry (2001).

Leonard W. Levy, Liberty and the First Amendment: 1790-1800, 68 The American Historical Review (1962).

Leonard W. Levy, Legacy of Suppression, (1960).

Leonard W. Levy, The 'Legacy'" Reexamined, 37 Stanford Law Review (1985).

Anthony Lewis, Make No Law: The Sullivan Case and the First Amendment, (1991).

Hans A. Linde, 'Clear and Present Danger' Reexamined: Dissonance in the Brandenburg Concerto, 22 Stanford Law Review (1970).

Staughton Lynd, Brandenburg v. Ohio: A Speech Test for All Seasons?, 43 The University of Chicago Law Review (1975).

Bill Lynskey, Reinventing the First Amendment in Wartime Philadelphia, 131 The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography (2007).


Alice K. Ma, Hate Speech Codes: Affirmative Action in the Allocation of Speech Rights, 83 California Law Review (1995).

Catharine A. MacKinnon, Only Words, (1993).

Michael J. Mannheimer, The Fighting Words Doctrine, 93 Columbia Law Review (1993).

Robert McCloskey, Free Speech, Sedition, and the Constitution, 45 The American Political Science Review (1951).

David F. McGowan and Ragesh K. Tangri, A Libertarian Critique of University Restrictions of Offensive Speech, 79 California Law Review (1991).

Robert B. McKay, Constitutional Law: Ideas in the Public Forum, 53 California Law Review (1965).

Alexander Meiklejohn, Free Speech and its Relation to Self-Government, (1948).

Alexander Meiklejohn, The First Amendment is an Absolute, The Supreme Court Review (1961).

James W. Meisenheimer, The Pentagon Papers Case: New York Times Co. v. United States & United States v. Washington Post Co., 5 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review (1972).

Wallace Mendelson, Clear and Present Danger--from Schenck to Dennis, 52 Columbia Law Review (1962).

Wallace Mendelson, On the Meaning of the First Amendment: Absolutes in the Balance, 50 California Law Review (1962).

Wallace Mendelson, The Degradation of the Clear and Present Danger Rule, 15 The Journal of Politics (1953).

Matthew L. Miller, The First Amendment and Legislative Bans of Liquor and Cigarette Advertisements, 85 Columbia Law Review (1985).

Arval A. Morris, The University of Washington Loyalty Oath Case, 50 AAUP Bulletin (1964).


Nathaniel L. Nathanson, The Communist Trial and the Clear-and-Present-Danger Test, 63 Harvard Law Review (1950).

Aryeh Neier, Defending My Enemy: American Nazis, The Skokie Case, and the Risks of Freedom, (1979).

N. E. L., Restraints on American Communist Activities, 96 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1948).

Walter Nelles, Espionage Act Cases, (1918).

Walter Nelles and Carol Weiss King, Contempt by Publication in the United States, to the Federal Contempt Statute, 28 Columbia Law Review (1928).

Sheldon M. Novick, The Unrevised Holmes and Freedom of Expression, The Supreme Court Review (1991).


James L. Oakes, Judge Gurfein and the Pentagon Papers, 2 Cardozo Law Review (1980).

James L. Oakes, The Doctrine of Prior Restaint Since the Pentagon Papers, 15 The University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform (1982).

Robert M. O'Neil, The First Amendment and Civil Liberty, (2001).


Giles J. Patterson, Free Speech and a Free Press, (1939).

Bernard A. Petrie, Constitutional Law: First Amendment Freedoms: Reformation of the Clear and Present Doctrine, 50 Michigan Law Review (1952).

Richard Pohlenberg, Fighting Faiths: The Abrams Case, the Supreme Court, and Free Speech, (1987).

Richard Pohlenberg, Progressivism and Anarchism: Judge Henry D. Clayton and the Abrams Trial, 3 Law and History Review (1985).

Robert Post, Reconciling Theory and Doctrine in First Amendment Jurisprudence, 88 California Law Review (2000).

Lucas A. Powe Jr., American Broadcasting and the First Amendment, (1987).

L. A. Powe Jr., Mass Communications and the First Amendment: An Overview, 55 Law and Contemporary Problems (1992).

Lucas A. Powe Jr., Mass Speech and the Newer First Amendment, The Supreme Court Review (1982).

Richard A. Primus, Canon, Anti-canon, and Judicial Dissent, 48 Duke Law Journal (1998).


David M. Rabban, Speech in its Forgotten Years, (1997).

David M. Rabban, The Emergence of Modern First Amendment Doctrine, 50 The University of Chicago Law Review (1983).

David M. Rabban, The First Amendment in its Forgotten Years, 90 The Yale Law Journal (1981).

Fred D. Ragan, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Zechariah Chafee, Jr., and the Clear and Present Danger Test for Free Speech: The First Year, 1919, 58 The Journal of American History (1971).

Martin H. Redish, Advocacy of Unlawful Conduct and the First Amendment: In Defense of Clear and Present Danger, 70 California Law Review (1982).

Martin H. Redish, The Content Distinction in First Amendment Analysis, 34 Stanford Law Review (1981).

Martin H. Redish, The Value of Free Speech, 130 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1982).

William H. Rehnquist, All the Laws But One: Civil Liberties in War Time, (1998).

David A. J. Richards, Free Speech and Obscenity Law: Toward a Moral Theory of the First Amendment, 123 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1974).

David A. J. Richards, Public and Private in the Discourse of the First Amendment, 12 Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature (2000).

David A. J. Richards, Toleration and Free Speech, 17 Philosophy and Public Affairs (1988).

Elliot L. Richardson, Freedom of Expression and the Function of Courts, 65 Harvard Law Review (1951).

Yosal Rogat and James M. O'Fallon, Mr. Justice Holmes: A Dissenting Opinion, The Speech Cases, 36 Stanford Law Review (1984).

O. John Rogge, 'Congress Shall Make No Law . . .', 56 Michigan Law Review (1958).

O. John Rogge, 'Congress Shall Make No Law . . .': II, 56 Michigan Law Review (1958).

Norman L. Rosenberg, Protecting the Best Men: An Interpretive History of the Law of Libel, (1986).

Richard Alan Rubin, Foreign Policy, Secrecy, and the First Amendment: The Pentagon Papers in Retrospect, 17 Howard Law Journal (1972).

David Rudenstine, The Pentagon Papers Case: Recovering its Meaning Twenty Years Later, 12 Cardozo Law Review (1991).


Thomas Scanlon, A Theory of Freedom of Expression, 1 Philosophy and Public Affairs (1972).

Theodore Schroeder, Constitutional Free Speech Defined and Defended in an Unfinished Argument in a Case of Blasphemy, (1919).

Bernard Schwartz, Holmes versus Hand: Clear and Present Danger or Advocacy of Unlawful Action?, The Supreme Court Review (1994).

Belinda J. Scrimenti, Journalist's View of the Progressive Case: A Look at the Press, Prior Restraint, and the First Amendment from the Pentagon Papers to the Future, 41 Ohio State Law Journal (1980).

Sean M. SeLegue, Campus Anti-Slur Regulations: Speakers, Victims, and the First Amendment, 79 California Law Review (1991).

Whitney North Seymour Jr., Press Paranoia--Delusions of Persecution in the Pentagon Papers Case, 66 New York State Bar Journal (1994).

Robert J. Sharpe, Commercial Expression and the Charter, 37 The University of Toronto Law Journal (1987).

Frederick F. Shauer, Language, Truth, and the First Amendment: An Essay in Memory of Harry Canter, 64 Virginia Law Review (1978).

Clifford E. Simon, The Suppression of Radio and Newspaper Comment on Pending Criminal Trials, 40 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1949).

John Cary Sims, Triangulating the Boundaries of Pentagon Papers, 2 William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal (1993).

Kent Sinclair, Constitutional Law, the First Amendment: The New Metaphysics of the Law of Obscenity, 57 California Law Review (1969).

Richard L. Sklar, The Fiction of the First Freedom, 6 The Western Political Quarterly (1953).

Ian Slotin, Free Speech and the Visage Culturel: Canadian and American Perspectives on Pop Culture Discrimination, 111 The Yale Law Journal (2002).

Bradley A. Smith, Faulty Assumptions and Undemocratic Consequences of Campaign Finance Reform, 105 The Yale Law Journal (1996).

Donald L. Smith, Zechariah Chafee, Jr.: Defender of Liberty and Law, (1986).

Steven D. Smith, Radically Subversive Speech and the Authority of Law, 94 Michigan Law Review (1995).

Rodney A. Smolla, Academic Freedom, Hate Speech, and the Idea of a University, 53 Law and Contemporary Problems (1990).

Rodney A. Smolla, Content and Contexts: The Contributions of William Van Alstyn to First Amendment Interpretation, 54 Duke Law Journal (2005).

Matthew L. Spitzer, Seven Dirty Words and Six Other Stories: Controlling the Content of Print and Broadcast, (1986).

Staff of the National Archives Regional Archives System, Fighting Words: Finding the First Amendment in Lower Federal Court Records, 78 The Journal of American History (1991).

Richard W. Steele, Fear of the Mob and Faith in Government in Free Speech Discourse, 1919-1941, 38 The American Journal of Legal History (1994).

Paul B. Stephan III, The First Amendment and Content Discrimination, 68 Virginia Law Review (1982).

David L. Sterling, In Defense of Debs: The Lawyers and the Espionage Act Case, 83 Indiana Magazine of History (1987).

Geoffrey R. Stone, American Booksellers Association v. Hudnut: 'The Government Must Leave to the People the Evaluation of Ideas, 77 The University of Chicago Law Review (2010).

Geoffrey R. Stone, Justice Brennan and the Freedom of Speech: A First Amendment Odyssey, 139 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1991).

Geoffrey R. Stone, National Security v. Civil Liberties, 95 California Law Review (2007).

Geoffrey R. Stone, Perilous Times: Free Speech in Wartime: From the Sedition Acto of 1798 to the War on Terrorism, (2004).

Geoffrey R. Stone, Reflections on the First Amendment: The Evolution of the American Jurisprudence of Free Expression, 131 Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (1987).

Geoffrey R. Stone, Restrictions of Speech Because of Its Content: The Peculiar Case of Subject-Matter Restrictions, 46 The University of Chicago Law Review (1978).

Geoffrey R. Stone and Lee C. Bollinger, Eternally Vigilant: Free Speech in the Modern Era, (2002).

Geoffrey R. Stone and William P. Marshall, Brown v. Socialist Workers: Inequality as a Command of the First Amendment, The Supreme Court Review (1983).

Ira L. Strauber, The Rhetorical Structure of Freedom of Speech, 19 Polity (1987).

David A. Strauss, Persuasion, Autonomy, and Freedom of Expression, 91 Columbia Law Review (1991).

Frank R. Strong, Fifty Years of 'Clear and Present Danger': From Schenck to Brandenburg and Beyond, The Supreme Court Review (1969).

Nadine Strossen, Regulating Racist Speech on Campus: A Modest Proposal?, Duke Law Journal (1990).

Cass R. Sunstein, Government Control of Information, 74 California Law Review (1986).

Arthur E. Sutherland Jr., Freedom and Internal Security, 64 Harvard Law Review (1951).

Thomas E. Sunderland, Taxation of Free Speech, 70 The University of Chicago Law Review (2003).

W. F. Swindler, Problems of Law in Journalism, (1955).


Geoffrey L. Thomas, The Listener's Right to Hear in Broadcasting, 22 Stanford Law Review (1970).

Leslie Kim Treiger, Protecting Satire Against Libel Claims: A New Reading of the First Amendment's Opinion Privilege, 98 The Yale Law Journal (1989).


Uncredited, Clear and Present Danger Re-examined, 51 Columbia Law Review (1951).

Uncredited, Constitutional Law, Curtailment of Speech Inciting to Race Hatred and the Protection of Minorities, 42 Columbia Law Review (1942).

Uncredited, Federal Sedition Bills: Speech Restriction in Theory and Practice, 35 Columbia Law Review (1935).

Uncredited, Group Vilification Reconsidered, 89 The Yale Law Journal (1980).

Uncredited, The Editorial Function and the Gertz Public Figure Standard, 87 The Yale Law Journal (1978).

Uncredited, The Impermeable Life: Unsolicited Communications in the Marketplace of Ideas, 118 Harvard Law Review (2005).

Uncredited, The New Commercial Speech and the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 132 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1984).

Uncredited, The Purloined Pentagon Papers and Prior Restraint: The Press Prevailed, 46 St. John's Law Review (1971).


William W. Van Alstyn, A Graphic View of the Free Speech Clause, 70 California Law Review (1982).

William W. Van Alstyn, Political Speakers at State Universities: Some Constitutional Considerations, 111 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1963).

William W. Van Alstyn, The First Amendment and the Suppression of Warmongering Propaganda in the United States: Comments and Footnotes, 31 Law and Contemporary Problems (1966).

Eugene Volokh, Cheap Speech and What it will Do, 104 The Yale Law Journal (1995).

Eugene Volokh, Deterring Speech: When is it 'McCarthyism'? When is it Proper?, 93 California Law Review (2005).

Eugene Volokh, Freedom of Speech, Permissible Tailoring, and Transcending Strict Scrutiny, 144 University of Pennsylvania Law Review (1996).


Jonathan Weinberg, Constitutional Protection of Commercial Speech, 82 Columbia Law Review (1982).

Harry H. Wellington, On Freedom of Expression, 88 The Yale Law Journal (1979).

Keith Werhan, The Classical Athenian Ancestry of American Freedom of Speech, The Supreme Court Review (2008).

G. Edward White, Justice Holmes and the Modernization of Free Speech Jurisprudence: The Human Dimension, 80 California Law Review (1992).

G. Edward White, The First Amendment Comes of Age: The Emergence of Free Speech in Twentieth-Century America, 96 Michigan Law Review (1996).

William M. Wiecek, The Legal Foundations of Domestic Anticommunism: The Background of Dennis v. United States, The Supreme Court Review (2001).

J. Skelly Wright, Money and the Polution of Politics: Is the First Amendment an Obstacle to Political Equality?, 82 Columbia Law Review (1982).

J. Skelly Wright, Politics and the Constitution: Is Money Speech?, 85 Yale Law Journal (1976).


David Yassky, Eras of the First Amendment, 91 Columbia Law Review (1991).



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