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Specialty and Role Descriptions
Adult Nurse Practitioner
The Adult Nurse Practitioner (ANP) is a registered nurse prepared at the graduate level who is prepared to provide a full range of health care services on the wellness-illness health care continuum at an advanced level to individuals age 13 or older. The ANP practice includes independent and interdependent decision making. The ANP is directly accountable for clinical judgments. The graduate level preparation expands the ANP's role to include differential diagnosis and disease management, participation in and use of research, development and implementation of health policy, leadership, education, case management and consultation.
Acute Care Nurse Practitioner
The purpose of the Acute Care Nurse Practitioner (ACNP) is to provide advanced nursing care across the continuum of healthcare services to meet the specialized physiological and psychological needs of patients age 13 or older with acute, critical and complex chronic health conditions. The ACNP practices in any inpatient or outpatient setting in which patient care requirements include complex monitoring and therapies, high intensity interventions, or continuous vigilance within the range of high acuity care.
The core body of knowledge for ACNP preparation and practice is derived from the full spectrum of high-acuity patient care needs. The focus of the ACNP is the provision of restorative, curative, rehabilitative, palliative, and maintenance care. In addition to managing patient care, the ACNP utilizes invasive interventions and procedures (specific to the specialty-based area of practice) to monitor and promote physiologic stability.
Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
The Pediatric Nurse Practitioner (PNP) provides health care to children of all ages through assessment, diagnosis, management and evaluation of care. PNP's focus on health promotion, disease prevention, and management of chronic illness. PNP's provide primary care in acute and specialty care settings and work closely with members of the health care team.
The Pediatric Clinical Nurse Specialist (PCNS) is an expert in pediatric nursing. The PCNS typically provides some direct patient care, and is involved in education, research, quality improvement, outcome monitoring with nurses, health professionals and the community. The PCNS is usually employed by a health care institution but may work in private or collaborative practice.
American Nurses Association., National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners, and Society of Pediatric Nurses (2008). Pediatric nursing: Scope and standards of practice. Silver Spring, MD: Nursebooks.org
Family Nurse Practitioner
The Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) is an advanced practice role that provides direct patient care in a primary care setting. The Saint Louis University Family Nurse Practitioner program prepares practitioners with an understanding in primary health care which includes strategies to prevent disease and to promote health, assessing and managing acute and chronic health problems, consulting, and the referral process. FNP's emphasize quality relationships with patients, families and communities, education of patients and families, and coordination of services aimed at specific health outcomes throughout the lifespan. FNP's apply advanced knowledge and clinical skills in a variety of health care settings, including providing well-child care, prenatal care services, adult health, and geriatric care including those requiring skilled nursing services.
FNP's work in a variety of settings including community health centers, hospital emergency departments and ambulatory care centers, retail clinics, businesses, physician offices, public health departments, health maintenance organizations, government facilities, independent nurse practitioner offices, and schools of nursing.