The Transformative Justice Initiative (TJI) serves the community to improve system health and safety, and support prevention of incarceration and successful transitions from criminal justice settings.
TJI is an interprofessional, collaborative program that employs community-based participatory research to guide evidence-informed transformative justice solutions. The Initiative was first described in an article shared on Saint Louis University’s Newslink.
Since 2010, Karen F. Barney, Ph.D., shaped an innovative model for facilitating successful community reentry. She worked with SLU Prison Program founder Kenneth Parker, Ph.D., who built a unique higher education program for both staff and individuals incarcerated. Barney’s vision for reentry included evidence-informed education, pre-release preparation, and post-release facilitation of occupation-based and interprofessional services, supported by related community agencies, to support successful reentry.
In 2014, Lisa Jaegers, Ph.D., proposed widening the scope of reentry services by including organizational needs assessment and workplace health along with Barney’s model for collaborative and bridged transition services. The current program includes partnerships with city, state, and federal criminal justice settings that work strategically towards organizational change and implementation of evidence-informed transition services. The Initiative’s core is a combination of systems, community, university, and individual action to address incarceration; in essence, a transformative justice model.
What the Initiative Does
- Collaborates with criminal justice facilities using a participatory approach to transition interventions.
- Engages community and university stakeholders, and related national organizations.
- Identifies multi-level needs and interventions through research-based methods.
- Develops strategic plans for organizational culture and procedural change.
- Uses an iterative program evaluation process to inform continuous improvement.
- Shares results and resources that contribute to evidence-informed transitions.
What Drives Our Work?
The Transformative Justice Initiative is supported by:
- Christopher Collins, S.J., Assistant to the President for Mission and Identity.
- The Saint Louis University Health Criminology Research Consortium (HCRC), led by Michael G. Vaughn, Ph.D., founder and executive director. The Health Criminology Research Consortium unites faculty from the medical and health sciences and those from social science who focus on the intersection between health and mental health and those at risk for contact with the criminal justice system and those already involved. Just as the field of health law was articulated by Saint Louis University so is health criminology. The knowledge terrain is rich and inherently transdisciplinary spawning exciting research questions and approaches that can hopefully improve our understanding of the causes, correlates and distribution of outcomes, as well as the effectiveness of prevention, clinical intervention and policy at the intersection of health and criminal justice.
- SLU Interprofessional Committee, which represents more than 20 academic units and services across the university.
- Inclusion of our participants in program planning, implementation and evaluation.
- Occupational Therapy Reentry Advisory Committee, a group of practitioners from around the United States who are driven to support occupation-based interventions within the criminal justice system.
We also serve on:
- Re-LINK, St. Louis Integrated Health Network
- St. Louis Alliance for Reentry (STAR)
- Mission: St. Louis, EACH1: Employment and Community Health as One
- National Corrections Collaborative, supported by the National Institutes of Justice
- American Occupational Therapy Association, Work and Industry Special Interest Section
How Do We Do This Work?
We bring in the best practitioners and service providers. The Transformative Justice Initiative is led by the Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy in the Doisy College of Health Sciences.
University schools and departments including the Office of Mission and Identity, School of Law, Richard A. Chaifetz School of Business, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Career Services, Workforce Development Center, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Nursing, College for Public Health and Social Justice, Department of Psychology and School of Social Work provide resources and services.
Community agency providers also work with the initiative to assist with pre- and post-release needs and find ways to improve the reentry system. We partner with local, state and federal systems in program development, implementation and evaluation for criminal justice reform.
Meet our Team
Co-Founder, Professor Emerita
Karen Barney, Ph.D., is an occupational therapist with 50 years of experience in practice and occupational therapy higher education. As a professor emerita, she served as the interim director of the Saint Louis University Prison Program, within which she has lead the development of a model interprofessional reentry program.
Her research interests focus on interprofessional service models, older adult injury prevention, health related quality of life for persons with disabilities and older adults, transitioning military personnel, and those incarcerated in jail and prison settings.
She has taught in university settings for 37 years, serving as primary faculty for the aging-related and research courses in three university programs. She has also served as faculty and resource consultant, as well as director of the Gateway Regional Geriatric Education Center (GEC) at Saint Louis University for 22 years. She continues to provide mentorship for occupational science and master’s, and clinical doctorate occupational therapy projects and dissertations.
Through the years of work within the GEC, she published numerous injury prevention manuals and primary prevention tools utilized in the community. She was enrolled in the Roster of Fellows by the American Occupational Therapy Association in 1998, and is the recipient of awards for service to the profession, the University and the communities in which she has resided.
Barney received her Bachelor of Science in Occupational Therapy and Master of Science in Adult Education degrees from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and her Ph.D. from the Saint Louis University School of Public Health in Health Services Research.
Co-Founder TJI, director of operations and research
Jaegers’ work as an occupational therapist has focused on employee health since 2001 with applications of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health’s (NIOSH) evidence-based strategy Total Worker Health® in correctional workplaces since 2014. Originally funded by the Healthier Workforce Center of the Midwest, a Total Worker Health® Center of Excellence through NIOSH, her workplace health studies include participatory needs assessment, health promotion interventions, and health etiology in correctional workplaces. As director of the TJI and OTTIS, Jaegers also implements and evaluates occupational therapy reentry interventions by working with teams of multidisciplinary stakeholders in jail and prison facilities.
Jaegers is chairperson of the Work and Industry Special Interest Section for the American Occupational Therapy Association and member of the National Corrections Collaborative. She is Assistant Professor in the Department of Occupational Science & Occupational Therapy, Doisy College of Health Sciences. She also holds a secondary appointment in the School of Social Work and Criminology, College for Public Health and Social Justice. Jaegers serves as co-director of the Health Criminology Research Consortium.
OTTIS Program Manager and Community Transitions Occupational Therapist
Hayes serves as program manager, continuing education coordinator, and community occupational therapist for SLU’s Occupational Therapy Transition and Integration Services. She develops, implements, and facilitates OTTIS continuing education courses to inform others on the distinct value of occupational therapy in community-based justice settings. As an occupational therapist, she provides pre-release services with clients currently incarcerated in jails and prisons and assists them with transitioning into the community upon release. She works alongside community partners to provide holistic, client-centered care.
Christine has experience as an occupational therapist in community-based, geriatric, and physical dysfunction settings. She is a graduate of Saint Louis University’s Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy master’s program.
OTTIS Community Transitions Occupational Therapist
Daaleman is a community transitions occupational therapist, part of Saint Louis University’s Occupational Therapy Transition and Integration Services (OTTIS) team. Within this role, Claire recruits, assesses, and develops community reintegration goals and interventions with individuals who are preparing to be released from the St. Louis city jail system. In addition, she works with justice-involved individuals residing in the community towards important goal areas such as engaging in meaningful employment, education, home management, and social participation related occupations. Throughout the pre- and post-release process, Claire collaborates with jail reentry case managers and a variety of community partners to support individuals’ ability to work towards these goal areas.
Prior to her role within reentry, Claire completed an American Occupational Therapy Association Mental Health fellowship in the Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Recovery-Oriented Services Program at the Durham Veterans Administration (VA) in North Carolina. Within this setting, Claire was responsible for implementing recovery-oriented interventions within clinical and community settings to support veterans with serious mental illness and substance use disorders. Claire is also a graduate of the SLU Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy master’s program.
Saint Louis University's Transformative Justice Initiative is supported by the following:
- CDC/NIOSH/HWCE Grant No. U19OH008858
- Raskob Foundation for Catholic Activities, Inc.
- The City of St. Louis
- Criminal Justice Reform Initiative, Hammond Institute, Lindenwood University
- Leo Brown Jesuit Community
- Unnamed Donor