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Echu Liu, Ph.D., M.B.A.

Associate Professor; Health Management and Policy
College for Public Health and Social Justice

Data tells its own story."

- Echu Liu, Ph.D., M.B.A.

Courses Taught

Biostatistics, Health Care Economics, Healthcare Financial Management


  • Ph.D., Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 2006
  • M.B.A., Finance (with Beta Gamma Sigma Honor), California State University, Los Angeles, 2000
  • M.A., Economics, National Taiwan University/University of Southern California, 1995/2003
  • B.A., Economics, National Taiwan University, 1994

Research Interests

Data Analytics

Publications and Media Placements

  1. Liu, E., Arledge, S., Miao, C. Tao, D., & Li, W. (2023). Health insurance literacy and medical care avoidance among international students: A case study. International Journal of Public Health, 68, 1605788.
  2. Liu, E., & Chang, S. (2022). Self-esteem and weight status of young adults: Finds from a pilot study. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 11, 263.;year=2022;volume=11;issue=1;spage=263;epage=263;aulast=Liu
  3.  Liu, E., & Arledge, S. (2022). Individual characteristics and demographics associated with mask-wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior, 5(1), 3-9.;year=2022;volume=5;issue=1;spage=3;epage=9;aulast=Liu  
  4. Dean, C. A., Liu, E., Wiltshire, J., & Elder, K. (2022). Underlying factors of health insurance use among Blacks and Hispanics with ambulatory care sensitive conditions. Journal of Ambulatory Care Management, 45(2), 114-125. DOI: 10.1097/JAC.0000000000000407
  5. Li, W., Liu, E., Balezentis, T., Jin, H., & Streimikiene, D. (2021). Association between socioeconomic welfare and depression among older adults: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Social Science and Medicine, 275, 113814.
  6. Wiltshire, J., Liu, E., Dean, C. A., Colato, E. G., & Elder, K. (2021). Health insurance literacy and medical debt in middle-age Americans. Health Literacy Research and Practice, 5(4), e319-e332.
  7. Dean, C. A., Wiltshire, J., Liu, E., Amamoo, M. A., Colato, E. G., & Elder, K. (2020). Confidence in understanding health insurance and challenges paying medical bills among men in the United States. American Journal of Men’s Health, 14(4), 1557988320943359.
  8. Li, W., Liu, E., & BeLue, R. (2018). Household water treatment and the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India: Findings from the India Human Development Survey. Globalization and Health, 14, 37.
  9. Cai, M., Liu, E., Tao, H., Qian, Z., Lin, X., & Cheng, Z. (2018). Does the level of hospital matter? A study of mortality of acute myocardial infarction patients in Shanxi, China. American Journal of Medical Quality, 33(2), 185-192. 
  10. Liu, E., Balasubramaniam, D., & Hunt, A. F. (2016). Does access to water matter? A study on the nutritional status of primary-aged children in India. Journal of Public Health, 38(4), e419-e424.
  11. Hsieh, H., Chou, S., Liu, E., & Lian, H. (2015). Strengthening or weakening? The impact of universal health insurance on intergenerational co-residence in Taiwan. Demography, 52(3), 883-904. 
  12. Chou, S., Liu, E., Lin, M., & Liu, J. (2015). Better peers, better scores? A study of twin junior high school graduates in Taiwan. Applied Economics, 47(32), 3462-3481. 
  13. Liu, E., Yu, W., & Hsieh, H. (2011). Cigarette taxes and respiratory cancers: New evidence from panel co-integration analysis. Journal of Health Care Finance, 37(3), 62-71.
  14. Liu, E., Hsiao, C., Matsumoto, T., & Chou, S. (2009). Maternal full-time employment and overweight children: Parametric, semi-parametric, and non-parametric assessment. Journal of Econometrics, 152(1), 61-69. 

Professional Organizations and Associations

  • Member, Health Care Financial Management Association
  • Guest Editor, Frontiers in Public Health