SLU-Madrid offers more than 20 minors to choose from. If you are pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree at the Madrid campus, you are encouraged to consider adding a minor to it. A minor provides background knowledge in a complementary field that will enrich and broaden your academic experience.
See below all minor programs that are available at the Madrid campus, offered in multiple areas that will complement your major.
Saint Louis University's minor in art history provides a general introduction to Western art history that complements a range of majors. Find out more about the art history major.
The minor in art history requires 18 credit hours, nine of which must be at the 3000/4000 level, as follows:
- An introductory art history course: ARTH 1010 or ARTH 1000 (3 credit hours)
- Three courses, with at least one course focused on art produced before 1800 and another focused on art produced after 1800 (9 credit hours)
- Studio art or any 3000/4000-level art history elective (3 credit hours)
- ARTH 4900 Research Methods in Art History or an additional 3000/4000-level course (3 credit hours)
Biology is a dynamic science that helps you gain a better understanding of living organisms and the ways they interact with our environment.
Saint Louis University's biology minor has been designed to provide students with a broad background in biology and is an excellent complement to any major related to the natural sciences, biomedical engineering, health sciences and pre-med. As a biology student at SLU-Madrid, you will work with faculty members from across the globe who are committed to excellent teaching, mentoring and scholarship.
The biology minor requires eight credit hours of introductory biology, eight credit hours of introductory chemistry and 12 credit hours of upper-division biology courses.
- BIOL 1240 Principles of Biology I
- BIOL 1245 Principles of Biology I Lab
- BIOL 1260 Principles of Biology II
- BIOL 1265 Principles of Biology II Lab
- CHEM 1110 General Chemistry I
- CHEM 1115 General Chemistry I Lab
- CHEM 1120 General Chemistry II
- CHEM 1125 General Chemistry II Lab
- BIOL 3020 Cellular Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
- BIOL 3040 Cellular Structure and Function
- CHEM 3600 Principles of Biochemistry
- Upper-division online course: The student should get approval for a specific online course to be counted prior to taking it to avoid problems with the course articulation.
Saint Louis University offers non-business students the opportunity to earn a minor in business administration. You’ll be required to complete coursework in subjects that include finance, accounting, management and economics.
Students must complete 30 credit hours to earn a minor in business administration: 24 credit hours of required coursework and six credit hours of electives. Courses that are required for your major may not be used as an elective for the minor.
- ACCT 2200 Financial Accounting
- ACCT 2220 Accounting for Decision Making
- OPM 2070 Introductory Business Statistics
- ECON 1900 Principles of Economics
- FIN 3010 Principles of Finance
- ITM 2000 Information Technology with Supply Chains
- MGT 3000 Management Theory and Practice
- MKT 3000 Introduction to Marketing Management
You’ll then select two of the following courses:
- OPM 3050 Introduction to Management Sciences and Production Systems
- ECON 3120 Intermediate Macroeconomics
- ECON 3140 Intermediate Microeconomics
- IB 2000 Introduction to International Business
- MGT 2000 Legal Environment of Business I
CiTESOL is an introductory 8-credit certificate program for students who have little or no English language teaching experience and who would like a credential that allows them to teach English to speakers of other languages around the world.
It consists of the following courses:
- ENG 4110 Introduction to Linguistics (3 credits)
- EDI 4220 Second Language Acquisition (3 credits)
- EDI 4350 Intercultural Seminar and Practicum (2 credits)
In today's world of international saturation, technological change and globalization, studying communication sharpens the skills needed to succeed in your academic, professional and personal life.
A minor in communication allows students to complement another major with the essential knowledge and skills that the study of communication provides. In this way, students increase their versatility, adding several key abilities: analyzing, understanding and solving problems; communicating and connecting in a diverse world; and utilizing technology in effective and ethical ways. Find out more about the communication major.
SLU-Madrid offers a minor in communication, an option many students pursue to increase their versatility. It is comprised of 21 credit hours of courses.
- CMM 1000 Human Communication and Culture
One of the following three courses:
- CMM 2000 Communication Theory
- CMM 2400 Media and Society
- CMM 2800 Communication Research
Elective Courses (15 credit hours)
At least 2 of the elective courses (6 credit hours) must be at the 3000 or 4000 level
The computer science minor pairs well with almost every major offered at Saint Louis University. This program allows students to build their technical skills and better appreciate and advance the ways in which computing technologies can be used to advance many areas of society. The computer science minor can also help better position graduates for advancing their desired careers. Find out more about the B.A. and B.S. computer science programs.
To earn the computer science minor, you’ll be required to complete 20 credit hours of coursework, as follows:
- CSCI 1010/1090 Introduction to Computer Science
- CSCI 1300 Introduction to Object Oriented Programming
- CSCI 2100 Data Structures
- CSCI 2300 Object-Oriented Software Design
- MATH 1660 Discrete Mathematics
- One additional CSCI course at the 2000-level or above from the following list:
· CSCI 2400 Computer Architecture
· CSCI 3710 Databases
· CSCI 3300 Software Engineering
A minor in economics may serve non-business students to complement a major in another discipline such as the health professions, engineering, political science or law. Find out more about the B.A. and B.S. economics programs.
The required courses for the minor are:
- ECON 1900 Principles of Economics
- ECON 3010 Introduction to Econometrics
- ECON 3120 Intermediate Macroeconomics
- ECON 3140 Intermediate Microeconomics
You’ll then select 9 credit hours of coursework from the following:
- ECON 3850 Political Economy of the European Union
- ECON 4160 History of Economic Analysis
- ECON 4200 Money and Banking
- ECON 4300 International Trade
- ECON 4310 Exchange Rates and the Global Economy
- ECON 4450 Economics of International Migration
- ECON 4560 Economic Development
The English minor complements every degree program offered at SLU-Madrid. Minors hone their verbal communication skills through extensive practice in writing as well as engaging with the literary masterpieces of the English language. Find out more about the English major.
The English minor requires 18 credit hours of coursework, as follows:
- One English course at the 2000 level (three credit hours)
- Three English courses at the 3000 level (nine credit hours) to be chosen from three
of the following four areas:
· Culture and Critique
· Form and Genre
· History and Context
· Rhetoric and Argumentation
- Any two English courses at the 4000 level (six credit hours)
For both the major and the minor, one 2000-level and one 3000-level course simultaneously fulfill the liberal arts core requirements.
The discipline of history is central to the liberal arts and a defining feature of the Jesuit intellectual tradition. Historical study at Saint Louis University, including SLU's history minor, grounds students in research, critical thinking and communication skills and enhances their cultural awareness. Find out more about the history major.
The History minor requires 21 credit hours of coursework, as follows:
Three foundational courses (9 credit hours)
- HIST 1110 Origins of the Modern World to 1500
- HIST 1120 Origins of the Modern World Since 1500
- HIST 2800 The Historian's Craft: Methods Proseminar
History electives totaling 9 credit hours. These must include one 3-credit course from at least two of the following areas:
- European history
- United States history
- World history (Asia, Africa, Middle East, Latin America)
A senior seminar (HIST 4900, 3 credit hours). A 3000-level course may be taken as the 4000-level senior seminar, with instructor guidance. The prerequisite for the seminar is two history courses at 2700-level or above, and instructor approval.
The Ibero-American Studies minor, offered at Saint Louis University's campus in Madrid, Spain, is designed for students who want to enhance their undergraduate degree with a multidisciplinary education of the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking world.
SLU's Ibero-American Studies program requires a total of six courses in history, political science, economics, sociology, Spanish and Latin American literature, and Portuguese. Courses may be tailored to students’ interests and career aspirations.
The minor requires two semesters at SLU's campus in Madrid. At least one of the history, social science and humanities courses you take must be taught in Spanish.
Students must take six to nine credit hours of history, six to nine credit hours of humanities and social sciences, and three to six credit hours of language and literature of approved electives available at SLU-Madrid.
Saint Louis University's minor in international business provides students with the opportunity to develop an understanding of the skills necessary for business activities to succeed in a global economy. The minor helps students develop an understanding of the various economic, political and cultural variables that affect business activities of international companies. It also allows students to develop knowledge of how companies can manage international operations effectively on a global scale. Find out more about the international business major.
The minor requires students to complete 18 credit hours of coursework.
Required courses (12 credit hours)
- ECON 1900 Principles of Economics
- IB 2000 Introduction to International Business
- IB 3100 Geopolitics of World Business
- IB 3160 Cultural Differences in International Business
Elective courses; two chosen from the following (6 credit hours)
- IB 3020 Latin American Business
- IB 3140 International e-Business
- IB 4120 International Business Strategies
Saint Louis University's international studies minor permits students to add an international dimension to any major. The minor allows students to develop proficiency in a foreign language and facility with key disciplinary approaches. Find out more about the international studies major.
The International Studies minor requires students to complete 18 credit hours of coursework.
Core classes (12 credit hours)
- SPAN 3030 Advanced Written Communication or SPAN 3040 Advanced Oral Communication (Fluency in a language other than English can substitute for this requirement, as demonstrated via standard language proficiency protocols of the College of Arts and Sciences).
- POLS 1600 Introduction to International Politics
- ANTH 2200 Cultural Anthropology
- One course with a focus on international economics: POLS 1510, POLS 2600, ECON 3850, ECON 4300, ECON 4310 or ECON 4560
International studies elective classes (six credit hours)
An oral presentation: Students must participate in an oral presentation of some aspect of the work they did in the minor.
The marketing minor at the Richard A. Chaifetz School of Business is designed to provide business and non-business students the opportunity for exposure to a broad collection of areas within the field of marketing.
Students are required to take MKT 3000 Introduction to Marketing Management (3 cr) and then select any four additional courses from the marketing curriculum. This flexibility provides students the ability to customize their marketing minor to include the areas that interest them most, given course availability, making the marketing minor a valuable compliment to any business or non-business major.
The minor requires students to complete 15 credit hours of coursework.
Required Courses (3 credit hours)
- MKT 3000 Introduction to Marketing Management
Elective Courses (12 credit hours)
Select four of the following:
- MKT 3300 Marketing Channels and Distribution
- MKT 3400 Integrated Marketing Communications
- MKT 3500 Sports Marketing
- MKT 3600 Marketing Research
- MKT 3700 Social Media and Digital Marketing
- MKT 4300 Retail Management
- MKT 4400 Consumer Behavior
- MKT 4440 Personal Selling
- MKT 4450 Sales Management
- MKT 4550 International Marketing
- MKT 4600 Brand Management
- MKT 4650 Marketing Analytics
- MKT 4900 Marketing Strategy
- MKT 4910 Marketing Internship
Mathematics emphasizes careful reasoning, along with the analysis and solution of problems. Hence, a minor in mathematics will appeal to students who like to develop their skills in problem solving and analytical thinking. For this reason, mathematics is also an appropriate minor for students planning careers in law or medicine.
Students at Saint Louis University who wish to minor in mathematics have two options: the traditional mathematics minor or the engineering mathematics minor.
Both are designed for students who wish to augment their major field of study with math courses and can be completed at SLU-Madrid. Engineering majors can obtain the engineering mathematics minor by adding just a few courses.
There are two options for students minoring in mathematics at SLU-Madrid: the traditional mathematics minor and the engineering mathematics minor.
The traditional mathematics minor at Saint Louis University requires the basic mathematics core and one upper-division mathematics course, for a total of 21 credit hours.
- MATH 1510 Calculus I
- MATH 1520 Calculus II
- MATH 2530 Calculus III
- MATH 2660 Principles of Mathematics
- MATH 3120 Introduction to Linear Algebra
- One further course in upper-division mathematics chosen with attention to prerequisites
Students seeking a minor in engineering mathematics must complete the three semesters of calculus and also complete four upper-division courses in subjects of importance to engineers, which, in Madrid campus, include:
- MATH 3110 Linear Algebra for Engineers (offered spring semesters only)
- MATH 3270 Advanced Mathematics for Engineers
- MATH 3550 Differential Equations
- MATH 3850 Foundations of Statistical Analysis
- MATH 4310 Introduction to Complex Variables
- MATH 4570 Partial Differential Equations (offered fall semesters only)
Other upper-division mathematics courses may fulfill course requirements for the engineering mathematics minor, subject to approval by the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science. Students must meet the prerequisites for all courses selected.
The Middle East is a region of historic and contemporary importance in which three of the major world faiths developed. Rulers built empires whose peoples made lasting contributions to philosophy, the visual and literary arts, architecture and mathematics. The relevance of significant trade routes in the past continues in the region today in its major commercial centers and industries of profound importance. Saint Louis University's Middle East studies minor facilitates the exploration of these various factors that have shaped the Middle East, also exposing students to the history, cultures and religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, among other religions in the region.
Courses offered at the Madrid campus address many historical and contemporary issues related to the Middle East and focus on topics such as religious coexistence in medieval Spain, the presence of Jesus in the Qur'an, archaeology of the Bible, and an introduction to the politics of the Middle East and North Africa.
Saint Louis University’s Middle East studies minor requires a minimum of 16 credit hours, including two semesters (six credit hours total) of university-level Arabic. This condition does not apply to native speakers of Arabic or any other Middle Eastern language, such as Turkish, Farsi, Kurdish or Hebrew, or to students who can demonstrate equivalent proficiency through examination. In these cases, students take an additional three credit hour elective from the list of approved courses instead. Students who are proficient in another Middle East language should discuss their course of study with the coordinator of the minor.
The remaining credit hours are made up of electives that allow you to tailor the minor to your own interests and enhance the other international programs offered at SLU-Madrid.
As part of the required capstone project, students revise a research paper, writing assignment or creative project that was originally written for one of the elective courses from the minor. They present their papers at an annual capstone event during their senior year.
Middle East studies courses offered at SLU-Madrid:
- HIST 3760 Medieval Spain: Christians, Jews, and Moors
- HIST 3770 History of the Jews in Spain
- ISTD 1100 Introduction to International Studies (one credit hour)
- POLS 2590 Introduction to Politics of the Middle East and North Africa
- THEO 2490 Studies in Theology and History: Muslims, Christians, and Jews
- THEO 2725 The Qur'an and the Bible
- THEO 2730 Islam: Religion and Culture
- THEO 2750 Jerusalem: City of Three Faiths
- THEO 3115 Old Testament: Prophets
- THEO 3490 Studies in Theology and History: Archaeology of the Bible
- THEO 3130 Ancient Israel and the Near East
- THEO 3745 Jesus in the Qur'an
- THEO 3730 Jewish Life and Thought
- THEO 4710 Islam and Christian Theology: Comparing Theological Themes
Saint Louis University’s modern languages and intercultural communication minor focuses on foreign languages in the context of communication among people from distinct cultures. SLU-Madrid’s location, combined with its international student body, makes intercultural communication an everyday reality.
This minor certifies that you are able to communicate at an advanced or upper-intermediate level in at least one second language and at an elementary level in a third. You’ll gain knowledge of the different aspects of human communication, including the relationship between language, behavior, culture and the mind.
The minor requires students to complete:
- 18 credit hours of coursework
- A final requirement
- An informal 10-minute oral presentation
All courses must be completed with a grade of “C” or better and students must have a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.00.
1. The required coursework includes:
- CMM 3300 Intercultural Communication
- Six foreign language credits at a 2000-level (B1) or above
- Six foreign language credits at a 1000-level (A2) or above
- One of the following courses:
· PSY 4270 Cross-Cultural Psychology
· ENGL 4110 Introduction to Linguistics
· SPAN 4110 Language and Linguistics
· ANTH 3390 Studies in Culture: Spain
2. The final requirement, which students have a maximum of two semesters to complete, consists of:
- Obtaining two language certificates, one of an A2 level, and the other of a B1 level.
These certificates are useful when applying for jobs because they are internationally
recognized. The most common official language exam certificates are:
· Arabic: ALPT (Arabic Language Proficiency Test)
· Chinese: HSK (Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi)
· French: DELF (Diplôme d'études en Langue Française)
· German: Goethe-Zertifikat
· Portuguese: CELPE-BRAS (Certificado de Proficiência em Língua Portuguesa para Estrangeiros)
· Spanish: DELE (Diploma de Español como Lengua Extranjera)
- Six Theoretically-based Reflection Journals. The CMM 3300 class requires students
to write 4 theoretically-based reflection journals applying theory to students’ everyday
encounters in Madrid or other cultures. Each journal should be three-pages long. To
complete the final requirement for the MLIC, students need to write two extra reflections,
and thus write a total of 18 written pages.
- Two Theoretically-based Reflection Journals and a Capstone Project. Instead of doing
the four required reflections for the CMM 3300 course, MLIC students may choose to
only do two (a total of six written pages) and a capstone research project of 12 written
The capstone may take the form of: a literature review and application to an intercultural communication phenomenon (film, literary work, personal experience, service learning experience, etc.); a literature review and research project based on data collection (interview participants, field observation, survey, etc.); or a literature review and the creation of a training program for study abroad students.
3. The informal 10-minute presentation consists of:
A brief, multilingual reflection on intercultural communication, and the complications that you have faced while completing the minor. If necessary, professors competent in the languages of your minor will be present. This is an informal presentation: anecdotes and digital images are welcome.
Examine, engage with, and discover the fullness of the human experience through the performing arts.
SLU-Madrid offers students the opportunity to develop their skills in the disciplines of dance, music or theatre through the minor in performing arts. You’ll gain a basic knowledge of each discipline and of the global reach of stage arts. You’ll also be provided with a broad overview of the different aspects of the stage in a Spanish and Latin ― or more broadly European ― context. You’ll become aware of the close relationship and interdependence between the different stage-art disciplines and the importance of understanding these disciplines in order to gain a global insight into the creativity of humankind.
The minor in performing arts requires 18 credit hours of coursework. All students pursuing the minor must take THR 1010 Introduction to the Performing Arts.
You are required to complete at least one course toward your concentration requirement in the discipline of your choice: dance, music or theatre:
- DANC 2630 Modern Dance/Modern Movement
- MUSC 1000 Approaching the Arts (Music)
- MUSC 1100 Music Fundamentals
- THR 3500 Playscript Analysis
You’ll then be required to complete additional elective courses in at least two of the three fields of theatre, music and dance.
- DANC 2650 Spanish Dance: Flamenco
- DANC 2660 Latin Rhythms and Dance
- DANC 2670 The New Flamenco Experience
- DANC 2680 Advanced Latin Rhythms and Dance
- DANC 3680 Advanced Spanish Dance: Flamenco II
- MUSC 2010 Applied Music (Voice)
- MUSC 2020 Applied Music (Piano)
- MUSC 2030 Applied Music (Guitar)
- MUSC 2930 ST: Winds and Strings Instrumental Coaching
- MUSC 3420 University Chorale
- THR 2510 Acting I
- THR 2400 Page to Stage
- THR 3560 Theatre Workshop (one to two credit hours, repeatable for three credit hours)
At least four credit hours of group performance courses must be taken. Course that fulfill this requirement includes DANC 2650, DANC 2660, DANC 2670, DANC 2680, DANC 3680, MUSC 3420 and THR 3560. As part of this requirement, you’ll take part in a collaborative performance or theatre production. In the latter case, work as a crew member, dancer or live musician count toward these credits.
Lastly, you’ll present a final solo or group capstone performance lasting between 10 and 20 minutes that displays what has been learned through the minor. This could be a theatre work, a monologue, a solo or ensemble musical recital, a dance piece or a musical theatre piece.
A philosophy minor helps students with other majors explore their own meaning and purpose as well as the moral and conceptual foundations of their primary fields of study. Find out more about the philosophy major.
The philosophy minor requires 18 credit hours of coursework, as follows:
- PHIL 1050 Introduction to Philosophy: Self and Reality (3 credit hours)
- PHIL 2050 Ethics (3 credit hours)
- Four elective courses, all of which must be at the 3000 or 4000 level (12 credit hours)
PHIL 1050, PHIL 2050, and one of the upper-level courses will also satisfy the University's philosophy core requirement.
A minor in political science complements nearly every degree offered at SLU-Madrid. Whether completing a more general track covering topics in the main four subfields offered in political science (American politics, comparative politics, international relations, and political thought) or focusing on a more specialized international relations track, students will be exposed to key issues in contemporary politics. Find out more about SLU-Madrid’s unique political science major with a concentration in international relations.
There are two options for the political science minor: the general track or the specialized
international relations track. Both tracks require 18 credit hours of coursework.
- At least one course from three of the main four subfields of political science (9
· American politics
· Comparative politics
· International relations
· Political thought
- Three elective political science courses (9 credit hours)
- One of the six courses must be at the 4000 level.
International Relations track
- Three political science courses that focus on international relations (9 credit hours)
- Two elective courses in political science (6 credit hours)
- A senior seminar: either POLS 4610 International Relations: Theory and Practice (3 credit hours) or POLS 4630 The European Union: Politics and Political Economy (3 credit hours)
The minor in psychology complements many of the majors offered at SLU-Madrid. In addition to gaining general knowledge of psychology, students explore topics in cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, personality/social psychology and applied psychology. Find out more about the psychology major.
The minor in psychology requires 18 credit hours of coursework.
- PSY 1010 General Psychology
- One course from each of the following areas:
· Cognitive neuroscience
· Developmental psychology
· Social/personality psychology
· Applied psychology
- At least one course taken at the 3000 or 4000 level
A minor in Spanish can complement nearly any major, especially those related to education, health sciences, law, international studies, and/or humanities. With the help of a team of dedicated, experienced instructors and mentors, Spanish minors at SLU build up connections with Hispanic cultures by refining their language skills in Spanish, developing intercultural competence, exploring the Hispanic cultural legacy, and/or gaining familiarity with Spanish within professional contexts (health sciences, business, phonetics, etc.). Find out more about the Spanish major.
SLU-Madrid’s new minor in Spanish consists of 15 credit hours of required language coursework and three credit hours of an advanced 4000-level elective. Language courses may be substituted with additional 4000-level coursework.
- SPAN 2010 Intermediate Spanish: Language and Culture
- SPAN 3010 Written Communication
- SPAN 3020 Oral Communication
Two additional Spanish courses at the 3000 level (e.g. SPAN 3030 Refining Spanish Expression: Grammar and Composition and SPAN 3040 In Conversation with the Hispanic World)
- One 4000-level Spanish course
The 4000-level courses require language competency equivalent to SPAN 3040. Only Spanish courses in which a student earns the grade of C or higher may be counted toward the minor.
Learn how to see and think like a visual artist. SLU-Madrid offers courses in drawing, design, painting, color theory and sculpture that help students to explore their natural creativity.
The studio art program provides students with a learning experience that fosters art-making in the context of the liberal arts. Involvement in the studio enhances natural development as an artist as students explore their individual abilities and learn about the world. Connections across disciplines and cultural differences help students to gain a conceptual and intellectual framework for their art. Students leave with a portfolio of work and an appreciation of the development of their own values and creative skills as well as an understanding of processes, expressions and values of others.
In order to earn a minor in studio arts, you’ll have to complete 21 credit hours of art and art history courses. These courses must include:
- ART 2000 Drawing I
- ART 2100 Design
- ART 2120 Three-Dimensional Design
- ART 2930-M01 Special Topics - Illustration
Additionally, you’ll be required to take one course in art history and two studio art courses. These courses must be two 2000-level courses outside of the foundational required courses or a 2000-level and a 3000-level course in one medium.
The study of theology seeks to understand the interrelationship of God with humanity. It is concerned with basic life questions of the past and present and trains students to evaluate and appreciate the most valuable and vital aspects of religious experience and thought.
Through SLU-Madrid’s minor in theological studies, you’ll enter into this investigation from an academic perspective with the aim of helping you clarify your own understanding. Saint Louis University approaches this study from the Christian Catholic tradition while respecting other religious traditions.
Theology is about God and the ways in which humans have lived, and continue to live, with God. It is therefore concerned with the most basic questions of life.
This minor trains students in a variety of sources and methods to help them evaluate and appreciate the most vital aspects of religious experience and thought.
SLU-Madrid’s minor in theological studies requires students to complete 18 hours of coursework that meet the following requirements:
- THEO 1000 Theological Foundations (three credit hours)
- Two theology courses at the 2000 level
- One theology course at the 3000 level
- One theology course at the 4000 level. A 3000-level course may be taken at the 4000 level with instructor permission and guidance.
- One additional 3000- or 4000-level theology course
Women's and gender studies is a field that integrates knowledge from a variety of perspectives to study the situations of women in different world cultures, including different ethnic groups within the United States. At Saint Louis University, you’ll focus on the role of women in today’s society and the historical contributions of women in building nations and cultures.
Women's and gender studies minors are required to take a total of 18 hours.
You’ll be required to take WGST 1900 Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies and WGST 3850 Feminism in Action (three credit hours each).
The remaining 12 credit hours of coursework will consist of electives at the 2000-level or above.
All courses must be listed or cross-listed with women's and gender studies. Cross-listed courses do not have to be taken under the women's and gender studies subject code (WGST) or course number to count, and courses can double and triple count for majors, minors and core requirements. If a class is not already cross-listed as a women's and gender studies course, it is possible to request permission for it to count toward the major or minor.