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Daniel L. Schlafly


Courses Taught

Origins of the Modern World to 1500/ Since 1500 (Honors); History of Eastern Europe; History of Russia to 1905; History of Russia since 1905; Senior Seminar: Nationalism in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries


M.B.A, Saint Louis University, 1998;

Ph.D., Columbia University, 1972; 

Certificate of the Russian Institute, Columbia University, 1965;

M.A., Columbia University, 1965; 

A.B., Georgetown University, 1961.

Research Interests

My historical focus always has been interdisciplinary and cross-cultural. Russian and East European history has been part of a broader program of study and research in the context of Central and Western European history, plus languages, literature, economics, religion, and political science, both for Russia and also Central and Western Europe. I have learned the various languages such cross-cultural topics demand in order to read the sources and secondary works from different countries and different intellectual circles in the original. My research into the Western impact on Russia and the Russian image of the West has embraced all aspects of this encounter, whether analyzing the manuscript memoir of an Italian castrato at the court of Peter the Great, the French manuscript of the first Russian diplomat in America's thoughts on his service, comparing Jesuit schools in early nineteenth century St. Petersburg with the early Georgetown College in the United States, asking why some noble Russian women converted to Roman Catholicism in the Napoleonic era, or comparing Italian perceptions of Russia and Russian perceptions of Italy across the centuries. What did the West look for in Russia? What preconceptions did Westerners bring and what did they find? Why were some Russians, but not others, receptive to Western values and models at some times and not at others? Is Russia really part of Europe, as Putin has argued, or is it the "other," really "Eastern" or "oriental"? What did Russians hope to find in and learn from the West, how were they received, and what did they conclude from the encounter? My long research on these topics has contributed both to Russian history and to the emerging field of cross-cultural history. My publications of translations of Russian and Italian historical works and of reviews of books on Russian and East European history by Russian, German, and Italian, as well as American, scholars also have furthered a broader understanding of history across national and cultural boundaries. My current research focuses on the survival of the Society of Jesus in the Russian Empire in the suppression era (1772-1820).

Publications and Media Placements

Journal Articles

  •  "The Great White Bear and the Cradle of Culture: Italian Images of Russia and Russian Images of Italy," Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 9, Nr. 2 (Spring 2008): 389-406.
  • "Petr Velikii i iezuity (Peter the Great and the Jesuits)," in E.V. Anisimov, ed., Petr Velikii (Moscow. O.G.I., 2007): 137-55.
  •  "Roman Catholicism in Post-Soviet Russia: Searching for Acceptance," Religion in Eastern Europe 21, Nr. 4 (August 2001): 1-11.
  •  "Religious Minorities in Russia: Help or Hindrance to Development of Civil Society? Roman Catholics," Religion in Eastern Europe 20, Nr. 4 (August 2000): 20-26.
  •  "The Ratio Studiorum on Alien Shores: Jesuit Colleges in St. Petersburg and Georgetown," Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, 55, Nr. 3 (June-September 1999): 253-74.
  •  "'True to the Ratio Studiorum?' Jesuit Colleges in St. Petersburg," History of Education Quarterly, 37, Nr. 4 (Winter 1997), 421-34.
  •  "A Muscovite Boiarynia Faces Peter the Great's Reforms: Dar'ia Golitsyna between Two Worlds," Canadian-American Slavic Studies, 39 Nr. 3 (Fall 1997), 249-68.
  •  "Roman Catholicism in Today's Russia: The Troubled Heritage," Journal of Church and State, 39 (Autumn 1997), 681-96.
  •  "The First Russian Diplomat in America: Andrei Dashkov on the New Republic," The Historian, 60, Nr. 1 (Fall 1997), 39-57.
  •  "Fr. Demetrius Gallitzin: Son of the Russian Enlightenment," The Catholic Historical Review, 83, Nr. 4 (October 1997), 716-25.
  •  "Filippo Balatri in Peter the Great's Russia," Jahrbuecher fuer Geschichte Osteuropas, 45, Nr. 2 (1997), 181-98.
  •  "Iezuity v Rossii v tsarstvovanie Ekateriny II, Pavla I i  Aleksandra I (Jesuits in Russia during the Reigns of  Catherine II, Paul I, and Alexander I)," Rodina, 5, Nr. 12 (December 1993), 16-19.
  •  "De Joseph de Maistre a la 'Bibliotheque rose; le catholicisme chez les Rostopcin," Cahiers du monde russe et sovietique, 11 (January-March 1970), 93-109.

Edited Volumes

  • Soloviev, S.M. Catherine the Great in Power: Domestic and Foreign  Affairs, 1763-1764. Edited, translated, and with an introduction by Daniel L. Schlafly, Jr. History of Russia. Vol. 43. (Gulf Breeze, Florida: Academic International Press, 1998).
  • Soloviev, S.M., The Rule of Catherine the Great, 1768-1770:  Turkey and Poland. Edited, translated and with an introduction by Daniel L. Schlafly, Jr. History of Russia. Vol 46. (Gulf Breeze, Florida: Academic International Press, 1994). 

Essays in Edited Volumes

  • Pedagogicheskoe nasledie iezuitov v Rossii Ekaterinoi Velikoi (The Jesuit Educational Heritage in Catherine the Great's Russia)," in Marek Inglot, S.J., et. al., eds. Rossiia i iezuity: 1772-1820 (Moscow: Nauka, 2006) 140-48.
  • "'Russkoe' Obshcestvo Iiusa i Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki (The "Russian" Society of Jesus and the United States)," in Marek Inglot, S.J., et. al, eds. Rossia i iezuity: 1772-1820 (Moscow, Nauka, 2006) 325-36.
  • "The Post-Suppression Society of Jesus in the United States and Russia: Two Unlikely Settings, in John W. O'Malley, S.J., et. al., eds. The Jesuits II: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, 1540-1773 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006) 772-84.
  •  "Roman Catholicism in Today's Russia: The Troubled Heritage," Journal of Church and State, 39 (Autumn 1997), 681-96. Reprinted in Derek H. Davis, ed., Religious Liberty in Northern Europe (Waco, Tex.: The J.M. Dawson Institute of Church State Studies, Baylor University, 2000): 125-40.
  • "Russia through Western Eyes: The Image at Home and Abroad," in Ekaterina velikaia: epokha rossiiskoi istorii (Catherine the Great: An Epoch of Russian History), (St. Petersburg: Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk, 1996), 218-19.
  • "Russian Travellers Discover Western Europe in the Age of the Enlightenment," Transactions of the Eighth International Congress on the Enlightenment. Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, Vol. CCCV (3 vols.; Oxford: The Voltaire Foundation, 1992), 3:1657-60.
  • "Jesuit Education in Poland and Russia: Suppression, Survival  and Success," in Transactions of the Seventh International Congress on the Enlightenment . Edited by H.T. Mason. Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, Vol. CCLXIV (3 vols.; Oxford: The Voltaire Foundation, 1989), 2:705-08.
  • "The Popular Image of the West in Russia at the Time of Peter the Great," Russia and the World of the Eighteenth Century: Proceedings of the Third International Conference organized by the Study Group on Eighteenth-Century Russia and held at Indiana University at Bloomington, USA, September 1984. Ed. R.P. Bartlett, A.G. Cross, and Karen Rasmussen (Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers, Inc., 1988), 2-21.  
  • "L'Europe Occidentale Decouvre la Russie: Les Voyageurs Etrangers pendant le Regne de Catherine la Grande," in L'homme des lumieres et la decouverte de l'autre: Etudes sur le XVIIIe siecle; Volume hors serie 3. Edited by D. Droixhe and Pol-P. Gossiaux (Brussels: Éditions de l'Universite de Bruxelles, 1985), 177-82.
  • "Western Europe Discovers Russia: Foreign Travellers in the Reign of Catherine the Great," in Transactions of the Sixth International Congress on the Enlightenment (Oxford: The Voltaire Foundation, 1983), 115-17.

Book Chapter Translated

  • "'Star of the East': The Holy Alliance and European Mysticism," in Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 4, Nr. 2 (Spring 2003): 313-42. Translated from chapter 9, "Zvezda vostoka" of Andrei Zorin, Kormia dvuglavogo orla: Literatura i gosudarstvennaia ideologiia v Rossii v poslednei treti XVIII-pervoi treti XIX veka (Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2001).

Honors and Awards

  • Conference grant to present a paper at "Jesuit Survival and Restoration: 200th Anniversary Perspectives," Boston College, June 2014.Grants for editing an English translation of Marek Inglot, SJ., La Compagnia di Gesú nell 'Impero Russo (1172-1820) e la sua parte nella restuaraione generale Della Compagnia and for research in Rome, 2008-2013.
  • Conference grant to present a paper at a conference on the Jesuits in Russia during the reigns of Paul I and Alexander I, Rome, March 2004.
  • Conference grant to present a paper at "The Jesuits II: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, 1540-1773," Boston College, June 2002.
  • Conference grant to present a paper at a conference on the Jesuits in Russia during the reign of Paul I and Alexander I, Moscow, March 2002.
  • Associate of the Summer Research Laboratory of the Russian and East European Center of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign: 1976, 1978, 1982, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996.
  • Mellon grants to present papers in Bristol and in St. Petersburg, and for research in Moscow, 1991, 1992, 1996.
  • Grant from the Europäisches Übersetzer-Kollegium, Straelen, Germany for August 6-August 20, 1994.
  • Visiting scholar, Columbia University, 1974-75.
  • Adenauer Scholarship from the Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst for study at the University of Munich, 1961-62.