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Annie Smart, Ph.D.


Courses Taught

Beginning French, Intermediate French; Advanced Language/Culture courses (FREN3020, FREN3040), French Literature and the Environment, Age of Enlightenment Exoticism in French Literature


MA, PhD, Brown University (1993): Dissertation: “’Subversive’ Mothers: Statehood and the Ideal of Motherhood from Jean-Jacques Rousseau to Flora Tristan.”

Research Interests

  • 18th- and early 19th-century literature, culture and political philosophy 
  • Gender studies 
  • Literature and the environment
  • Exoticism

Publications and Media Placements


  • Citoyennes: Women and the Ideal of Citizenship in Eighteenth-Century France. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2011.

Peer-reviewed articles and book chapters:

  • “George Sand’s réalisme vert: Toward an Ecocritical Reading of Le meunier d’Angibault,” in Ecocritical Approaches to Literature in French, ed. Douglas Boudreau and Marnie Sullivan (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2016). 41-63.
  • “Re-Reading Nature and Exoticism in Chateaubriand’s Voyage en Amérique: A Case for the Biophilia Effect.” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 42 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013).
  • “Bonnes mères qui savent penser: Motherhood and a Boy’s Education in Rousseau’s Emile and Epinay’s Lettres à mon fils,” New Perspectives on the Eighteenth Century vol. 3, no.1 (Spring, 2006): 21-30.
  • “The École saint-simonienne’s Outrage to Public Morals.” Nineteenth-Century French Studies, vol. 33, nos. 3-4 (Spring/Summer 2005): 258-272.
  • “Motherhood and Body Politics in Louis-Sébastien Mercier’s L’an 2440, rêve s’il en fut jamais,” Dalhousie French Studies, vol. 73 (Winter, 2005): 63-70.
  • “Luce Irigaray and the Mutterdämmerung.” Psychoanalytic Studies [Great Britain], vol. 2, no. 4 (December 2000): 385-394.
  • “Motherhood, Economy, and the State in Rousseau’s La Nouvelle Héloïse.” Esprit Créateur, vol 39, no. 2 (Summer 1999): 64-74.
  • “Le sexe ou la tête? Decapitation and Female Identity in 1793.” French Literature Series, vol. 26 (1999): 37-50.
  • “Motherhood and Politics in George Sand and Flora Tristan.” George Sand Studies, vol. 16, no. 1&2 (1997): 83-96. * “Identity Politics and Confessional Acts: Suzanne Voilquin's Souvenirs d'une fille du peuple.” Women in French Studies vol. 3 (Fall 1995): 55-63.