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Susan Brower-Toland, Ph.D.

Associate Professor


Ph.D., Cornell University, 2002
M.A., History, University of Iowa
B.A., English Literature & Latin, University of Arizona

Research Interests

  • Medieval philosophy (especially issues in Mind and Metaphysics)
  • Philosophy of Religion

Publications and Media Placements

Representative Publications

  • 2021. "Medieval Theories of Propositions: Ockham and the Later Medieval Debate about Propositions and Propositional Attitudes." In The Routledge Handbook of Propositions, ed. Chris Tillman (New York: Routledge).
  • 2020. “Augustine’s (Non-Trinitarian) Account of Perception in De Trinitate 11.” Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 8

  • 2017. "Causation and Mental Content: Against the Externalist Reading of Ockham." In The Language of Thought in Late Medieval Philosophy, eds. Jenny Pelletier and Magali Roques (Dordrecht: Springer): 59-80.

  • 2013. "Olivi on Consciousness and Self-Knowledge: The Phenomenology, Metaphysics, and Epistemology of Mind's Reflexivity," Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 1: 136-171.

  • 2012. "Medieval Approaches to Consciousness: Ockham and Chatton," Philosophers' Imprint 12: 1-29.

  • 2008. “Aquinas on Mental Representation: Concepts and Intentionality,” (with Jeffrey E. Brower) The Philosophical Review 117: 193-243. – Reprinted in Medieval Philosophy, eds. Christina Van Dyke and Andrew Arlig (London: Routledge, 2020.)