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Courses and Grading

Courses for the 2022 Summer Law Program in Madrid

  • Access to a Healthy Environment: An Exploration of Environmental Human Rights Law and the Global Climate Crisis (1 credit)
    Professor Lauren Bartlett 
    Raging wildfires, polluted drinking water, and extreme weather: the detriments of a human-caused environmental crisis. The world is changing, and with it, so are human rights and environmental law. This course will focus on environmental human rights law, a new and developing area of human rights law. Specifically, the course will focus on the right to a safe, clean, healthy, sustainable environment under United Nations human rights system. Applicable case law from the International Court of Justice, United Nations Treaties, United Nations General Assembly Resolutions, as well as instruments drafted by United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms (e.g. Special Rapporteurs and Treaty Bodies) will be examined. Discussion topics will include the climate crisis, environmental racism, forced migration of environmental refugees, the rights to water and sanitation, toxics, and biodiversity. Professor Bartlett is hoping to organize an optional trip to participate in proceedings of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • The Business and Ethics of Global Health (1 credit)
    Professor Ana Santos Rutschman
    The COVID-19 pandemic has called attention to the importance of global health law and policy in a world in which pathogens travel increasingly faster. This course explores the main structural and dynamic characteristics of global health law and policy through two complementary lenses – business and ethics. The course provides students with the fundamentals of the business models undergirding the provision of health goods and delivery of healthcare to populations spread out across the globe, with a particular focus on the transnational legal frameworks regulating these goods and services. In examining these frameworks, the course also introduces students to essential principles of global health ethics and prompts them to examine current practices in light of these principles. The course covers laws, policies and principles applicable during periods of pandemics and epidemics, as well as those applicable in the absence of these highly disruptive events. It draws on hard and soft law mechanisms (primarily at the international level) and caselaw (with a focus on litigation involving countries in the Global South). Complementarily, the course introduces students to readings in business law, ethics and bioethics, international law and international governance, law and economics, human rights, and institutional economics.
  • Creating Rule of Law in Eastern Europe: The Threat of Authoritarianism and Nationalism (1 credit)
    Prof. Lorena Bachmaier Winter
    One of the major challenges in transitional democracies in eastern Europe is building up legal systems based on democratic principles and the rule of law rather than authoritarian control. The continuing armed conflict in the eastern regions of Ukraine and the challenges to the independence of the judiciary in many of these countries –as recently seen in Poland–, show how fragile the rule of law is. It requires a strong legal framework to prevent a dangerous shift towards populism, nationalism, and increased restrictions of fundamental liberties. In this course, students will examine the major challenges facing the establishment of new democracies in Eastern Europe based on the rule of law, with a special focus on certain crucial areas, including the justice system, separation of powers and the protection of human rights in countries like Ukraine, Russia, Hungary, and Caucasus. Students will better understand not only protection of individual rights in new European democracies, but also the administration of justice and European legal culture in a broader sense.
  • European Human Rights Law (2 credits)
    Prof. Ignacio Borrajo Iniesta
    This course provides an overview of the protection of civil and political rights in Europe, including those protected by both the European Convention on Human Rights and European Union Law. It will focus on recent developments, including the Lisbon Treaty (effective December 2009) and the situation of new and old democracies since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. It will also examine the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union. Some selected areas shall be emphasized, such as the right to life and physical integrity, international migrations, and linguistic, religious and cultural pluralism.
  • Intro to the Civil Law Systems (1 credit)
    Prof. Javier Martinez-Torron
    U.S. law schools teach common law, the legal tradition of the English-speaking world. This course is an introduction to the other major legal tradition of the modern Western world, the civil law. The civil law tradition is derived from Roman law and comprises the legal systems of almost all European countries, Latin America, and large parts of Africa. It has also influenced many Asian countries, including China and Japan.
    The aim is to help American law students understand the language and concepts of the civil law systems that their clients who have business, family or personal interests in civil law countries will experience. This course will focus on the civil law tradition as it has developed in today’s continental European and Latin-American legal systems. Students will also study the areas in which civil law and common law trend toward convergence or divergence, and the questions they raise in the context of the European unification process.
  • Intro to Spanish (complimentary, no credit)
    Prof. Julio Lasarte
    This course will provide students with a general introduction to Spanish and is designed for beginners as well as those who want a refresher. The class focuses on Spanish culture, history, food and music.

  • The Law of Global Trade and Investment (2 credits)
    Professor Constance Z. Wagner
    Businesses are going global and lawyers should understand the opportunities and challenges presented by this development. This course will focus on legal considerations and the role of lawyers in international trade and investment transactions. We will cover both public law and private law aspects, including international treaties and customary practice, foreign laws and regulations, and legal documentation. Topics covered may include: the business context of international trade and investment transactions, the role of international economic institutions (the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund), global intergovernmental institutions (the United Nations, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes), regional trade blocs (including the European Union), and business organizations (the International Chamber of Commerce), fundamentals of WTO law and policy (WTO treaties, organizational structure, dispute resolution, most favored nation status and national treatment), the role played by free trade areas and customs unions (like the European Union), the legal structure of private international trade transactions involving the sale of goods, multilateral and bilateral investment treaties, types of private international investment transactions, and emerging trends in corporate social responsibility and human rights law relating to cross-border trade and investment.

Class Schedule

The 2022 Summer Law Program in Madrid will run from May 23 through July 3, 2022. Most classes will be held in the morning and early afternoon, and students will have Fridays off for travel and leisure. The final exams will be administered from July 1 through July 3, 2022.

Student Performance and Grading

The Saint Louis University School of Law Summer Law Program in Madrid is an ABA-approved foreign summer program. Students may earn up to 6 credits upon completing the Summer Law Program in Madrid. Grades are measured primarily by final examinations and the grades used are A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D, and F. Students who are not enrolled at Saint Louis University School of Law may be graded on a Pass/Fail basis, if they request and prefer to be graded on a Pass/Fail basis. Otherwise, all students will be graded on a letter grade system.

Students will be given the same credit as if they were at the SLU LAW campus, but the acceptance of any credit or grade for any course taken in the program is subject to determination by your home school. Please discuss your school's grading preference with your dean's office before applying to the program.