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Courses and Grading

Courses for the 2023 Summer Law Program in Madrid

  • The Law of Global Trade and Investment

    by Professor Constance Wagner (2 credits)  
    Businesses are going global and lawyers should understand the opportunities and challenges presented by this development. This course will focus on legal considerations and the role of lawyers in international trade and investment transactions. We will cover both public law and private law aspects, including international treaties and customary practice, foreign laws and regulations, and legal documentation. Topics covered may include: the business context of international trade and investment transactions, the role of international economic institutions (the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund), global intergovernmental institutions (the United Nations, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes), regional trade blocs (including the European Union), and business organizations (the International Chamber of Commerce), fundamentals of WTO law and policy (WTO treaties, organizational structure, dispute resolution, most favored nation status and national treatment), the role played by free trade areas and customs unions (like the European Union), the legal structure of private international trade transactions involving the sale of goods, multilateral and bilateral investment treaties, types of private international investment transactions, and emerging trends in corporate social responsibility and human rights law relating to cross-border trade and investment. 

  • European Human Rights Law

    by Professor Ignacio Borrajo Iniesta (2 credits)  
    This course provides an overview of the protection of civil and political rights in Europe, including those protected by both the European Convention on Human Rights and European Union Law. It will focus on recent developments, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights in the Lisbon Treaty (2009); the situation of new and old democracies since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989; and the expulsion of Russia from the Council of Europe. It will also examine the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union. Some selected areas shall be emphasized, such as the right to life and physical integrity, international migrations, data protection and linguistic, religious and cultural pluralism. 

  • Cybertechnology and International Law

    by Professor Afonso Seixas Nunes:  (1 credit)  
    This course aims to be an introduction for students who want to understand the cyberworld. We live in a digital world that is a source of amazement and new possibilities, but potentially may open the user's data to collection and cybersecurity risks. Today, people are constantly confronted with concerns of privacy, personal data protection, cybercrime, and cybersecurity. At the same time, States have begun using cybertechnology for mechanisms of law enforcement and also as a mechanism of defense against other States. This course will try to answer the question: How does International Law regulate the cyberworld? This course does not require an in-depth understanding of contemporary computer technology. It is focused primarily on the implications of the use of information technology in law enforcement and armed conflict and the intended and unintended consequences of regulating that use in cyberattacks. 

  • Housing as a Human Right?
    by Professor Dana Malkus  (1 credit) 

    Should there be a legal right to permanent and adequate housing? The idea has received renewed attention in recent years as housing justice advocates seek to combat the increasing commodification of worldwide housing systems. International human rights instruments, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, include the right of every person to adequate housing. Some countries recognize a right to housing in their constitutions or provide housing as part of a robust social safety net, while others — including the US — do not currently recognize any such right on a national basis. This course will explore how the law impacts housing in terms of access, cost, and proximity to things like food, clean water, jobs, and schools. It will introduce the international law framework in which the concept of housing as a human right is situated and compare the housing policy and legal frameworks of different jurisdictions to better understand the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of recognizing a right to housing. Understanding these implications, in turn, will prepare students to provide better legal counsel to their future clients—tenants, landlords, property owners, developers, investors, NGOs, and governments.

  • Intro to Civil Law
    by Professor Javier Martinez Torron (1 credit) 

    U.S. law schools teach common law, the legal tradition of the English-speaking world. This course is an introduction to the other major legal tradition of the modern Western world, the civil law. The civil law tradition is derived from Roman law and comprises the legal systems of almost all European countries, Latin America, and large parts of Africa. It has also influenced many Asian countries, including China and Japan. 

    The aim is to help American law students understand the language and concepts of the civil law systems that their clients who have business, family or personal interests in civil law countries will experience. This course will focus on the civil law tradition as it has developed in today’s continental European and Latin-American legal systems. Students will also study the areas in which civil law and common law trend toward convergence or divergence, and the questions they raise in the context of the European unification process. 

  • Creating Rule of Law in Eastern Europe: Threat of Authoritarianism and Nationalism
    by Lorena Bachmaier Winter  (1 credit)  

    One of the major challenges in transitional democracies in eastern Europe is building up legal systems based on democratic principles and the rule of law rather than authoritarian control. The continuing armed conflict in the eastern regions of Ukraine and the challenges to the independence of the judiciary in many of these countries –as recently seen in Poland–, show how fragile the rule of law is. It requires a strong legal framework to prevent a dangerous shift towards populism, nationalism, and increased restrictions of fundamental liberties.  

    In this course, students will examine the major challenges facing the establishment of new democracies in Eastern Europe based on the rule of law, with a special focus on certain crucial areas, including the justice system, separation of powers and the protection of human rights in countries like Ukraine, Russia, Hungary, and Caucasus. Students will better understand not only protection of individual rights in new European democracies, but also the administration of justice and European legal culture in a broader sense. 

  • Intro to Spanish
    by Julio LaSarte (non-credit) 

    This course will provide students with a general introduction to Spanish and is designed for beginners as well as those who want a refresher. The class focuses on Spanish culture, history, food and music. 

Class Schedule

The 2022 Summer Law Program in Madrid will run from May 22 through June 28, 2022. Most classes will be held in the morning and early afternoon, and students will have Fridays off for travel and leisure. The final exams will be administered from June 30 through July 1, 2023.

Student Performance and Grading

The Saint Louis University School of Law Summer Law Program in Madrid is an ABA-approved foreign summer program. Students may earn up to 6 credits upon completing the Summer Law Program in Madrid. Grades are measured primarily by final examinations and the grades used are A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D, and F. Students who are not enrolled at Saint Louis University School of Law may be graded on a Pass/Fail basis, if they request and prefer to be graded on a Pass/Fail basis. Otherwise, all students will be graded on a letter grade system.

Students will be given the same credit as if they were at the SLU LAW campus, but the acceptance of any credit or grade for any course taken in the program is subject to determination by your home school. Please discuss your school's grading preference with your dean's office before applying to the program.