SLU Researchers Study Relationship Between Diabetes Drug, Dementia
ST. LOUIS – Saint Louis University researchers have received a $443,636 grant from
the National Institute on Aging to investigate the relationship between the diabetes
drug Metformin and dementia risk.
Jeffrey Scherrer, Ph.D., professor and research director in the department of family
and community medicine at Saint Louis University, said this is the first study of
metformin use and dementia risk in patients from the U.S. and the first to include
a large proportion of African American and Hispanic patients.
“The study uses real world patient data from Veterans Administration (VA) and Kaiser
Permanente Washington (KPW) to determine the potential protective effect of metformin,
a front line anti-diabetic medication, on risk of dementia,” Scherrer said.
The retrospective cohort study uses electronic health record data from the VA and
KPW. The researchers identified about 20,000 eligible patients from KPW data and about
100,000 from VA data. Eligible patients are 50 years of age or older, have diabetes
and are free of any dementia diagnosis at the start of the study.
Both the VA and KPW were used because the organizations support large cohort studies
by maintaining extensive electronic health record data covering 15 to 20 years of
patient visits. Such large data bases containing patient demographics, diagnosis and
procedure codes, prescription fills and lab results can be used to identify rare outcomes,
including incident dementia in patients taking medication for diabetes.
Researchers want to first determine if there is a reduced risk of dementia in patients
starting metformin for Type 2 diabetes versus those starting a sulfonylurea, one of
a group of medicines used in the management of Type 2 diabetes.
The team will then compare the risk of dementia in patients starting metformin versus
patients who delay pharmacologic treatment of diabetes. Researchers will also study
whether the association between metformin and reduced risk of dementia differs in
younger versus older patients (those aged 50-65 versus those more than 65 years of
age) and by gender.
Exploratory analysis will be conducted to see if the risk of dementia changes by metformin
dose and duration of use.
Analyses will first be computed in the VA patient data and replicated in a KPW patient
“The VA and KPW patient groups have very different clinical and demographic characteristics.
Replicating results in these two patient groups will strengthen our study conclusions,”
Scherrer said. “By establishing if metformin independently reduces risk of dementia
and if that risk varies by age groups and gender, the results will inform patient-provider
discussions on when to initiate, and whether to remain on metformin, in patients with
type 2 diabetes.”
Co-investigators include John Morley, M.D., chairman of endocrinology and geriatrics
at Saint Louis University; Susan Farr, Ph.D., professor of geriatrics at SLU; Sascha
Dublin, M.D. Ph.D., associate investigator, Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research
Institute and physician at Washington Permanente Medical Group; and James Floyd, M.D.,
assistant professor, general internist, cardiovascular epidemiologist and drug safety
researcher at University of Washington School of Medicine.
This study was supported by the National Institute on Aging, 1R21AG055604-01.
Established in 1836, Saint Louis University School of Medicine has the distinction
of awarding the first medical degree west of the Mississippi River. The school educates
physicians and biomedical scientists, conducts medical research, and provides health
care on a local, national and international level. Research at the school seeks new
cures and treatments in five key areas: cancer, liver disease, heart/lung disease,
aging and brain disease, and infectious diseases.